Who are the best Bauhaus designers
Characteristics of the Bauhaus style
Inspiration from all over the world
The Bauhaus style found its inspiration in different countries and followed different ideal approaches in order to overcome the separation between the performing, visual and applied arts. This is how the "New Objectivity" style emerged and the functionality of a design has come back to the fore since then. The influences came through:
- Russian constructivism
- De Stijl, an artist group from the Netherlands
- the Arts and Crafts Movement from England
The designers felt it was their responsibility to do something good for people and the environment. Furniture and apartments should be of high quality but affordable. In the end, the Bauhaus was a school of thought that over time even developed into an attitude towards life. There was a boisterous party, women suddenly wore short hairstyles and lived with men who were not their husbands. What is common today was new and shocking back then. The Bauhaus was also committed to social housing, working with standardized, as large as possible components and increasingly relying on flat roofs. Even today, houses with a cubic shape are popular. These buildings are characterized by large glass fronts and a mixture of architecture and interior design. Incidentally, the Bauhaus style itself also influenced many things: Oskar Schlemmer, for example, designed revolutionary stage sets for the theater and László Moholy-Nagy worked on experimental photography.
Furnishing in the Bauhaus style - this is how it works
On the color theory of the Bauhaus
If you want to furnish your home with this trend in mind, you should pay special attention to the walls. You can paint these in the basic colors red, yellow and blue or in black and white. Would you like something more subtle? Then you can use the colors in Paul Klee's house in Dessau as a guide:
- Mint green
- Napoleon blue
An alternative: You can get wallpaper stencils and paint geometric patterns on your walls. Decorative elements such as pillows and carpets can also be colorful. These should ideally match the wall color in some way. Clear lines and shapes in different colors are characteristic.
Material: Revolutionary then, proven today
The Bauhaus design used materials for furniture that were rather unusual for the time:
These fabrics symbolize hardness and clarity. The Bauhaus style largely dispenses with decorative ornaments. For example, fur-covered chairs serve as a break with these cool materials. If you take a closer look at this topic, sooner or later you will also come across the name Le Corbusier. Although he did not belong directly to this current, his work is characterized by similar approaches. On his famous LC3 couch, for example, he mixes steel pipes and leather in a timeless but very interesting way.
What is the Bauhaus style?
Simple and straightforward, but creative: the Bauhaus style is based on the fact that less is sometimes more. In the extremely difficult time after the First World War, his followers reflected on the essentials. According to the principle "form follows function", your work should be elegant and practical. This is why Bauhaus furniture is often monochrome, characterized by clear lines and made up of a few individual elements. It was also important that the pieces of furniture were affordable for everyone and that their shape matched the respective material properties. At the same time, the architects wanted to create a modern total work of art with their work. In terms of design, her works were often revolutionary.
Who shaped the Bauhaus style?
Walter Gropius is known for his Masters' Houses and the Bauhaus in Dessau. For him, art and craft go hand in hand. Among the teachers and students at the art school are many other names who are still known today, such as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Lyonel Feininger, Johannes Itten, Josef Albers, Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky.
How do you set up in the Bauhaus style?
Furniture in the Bauhaus style is based on geometric shapes and surfaces, i.e. squares, rectangles, circles and triangles. This applies to furniture as well as to surface structures, for example on tables or carpets. Furniture classics that still fit in every living room today include these: White or black leather couches with tubular steel frames, flat glass tables, no-frills cabinets, chests of drawers and sideboards made of wood with a high-gloss surface, geometric carpets or models made of cowhide.
What is the most famous designer furniture in the Bauhaus style?
One of the most famous pieces of furniture is the Barcelona Lounge Chair. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed it together with the designer Lilly Reich. The armchair represents an important milestone for the Bauhaus style and is virtually the throne of modern design. The Bauhaus lamp, which Wilhelm Wagenfeld designed together with Carl Jacob Jucker when he was a student, is also very well known. Marcel Breuer's Wassily armchair, Marianne Brandt's tea service and Mies van der Rohe's cantilever chair also belong to the legacy of the Bauhaus style. The latter dispenses with rear legs, which expresses a perfect reduction to the functional essentials.
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