Everything that is included in a home inspection

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These days, homebuyers have bored the need for home inspections. For example, in California, real estate agents recommend home buyers perform 15 different types of home inspections starting Sunday; You don't shut yourself off about it. Our sales contracts contain two pages that explain the reasons for the home inspection. These two sides are repeated in the buyer's brokerage agreement. Home inspections are a big deal.

Done incorrectly, they don't always show the buyer everything that could be wrong.

But what does a home inspection report reveal? Home buyers are often confused about home construction and its components and struggle to decipher home inspections. The terminology could be complicated too, and few know the difference between a beam and a stud. How would a buyer who has never owned a home know what to include on the home inspection checklist? Also, many buyers don't know how to find out what types of defects are serious or whether their home inspector has checked all the essentials. This can be terrifying to a buyer.

Home inspection checklist comparisons

All home inspections are different and can vary widely from state to state, as well as across counties and cities. Much depends on the house inspector and on which association the house inspector belongs to.

As I am most familiar with home exams conducted in accordance with the standards set by the National Association of Certified Home Inspectors, the following information is based on the NACHI guidelines.

Checklist for home inspection of non-inspected items

Understand that California Home Inspectors are neither licensed nor licensed in many states.

However, standard house inspector practice typically does not include the following, which require specific approval for inspection and identification:

  • asbestos
  • Radon, methane, radiation and formaldehyde
  • Wood destruction organisms
  • Mold, mold and fungus
  • Rodents
  • lead

General home inspection checklist

  • Structural elements .
    Construction of walls, ceilings, floors, roof and foundation. Ask about horizontal cracks versus parallel cracks. Does the foundation appear safe? Is the roof leaking? Was there a fire in the attic?
  • External evaluation .
    Wall coverings, landscaping, grading, elevations, drainage, driveways, fences, sidewalks, dashboards, moldings, doors, windows, lights, and outdoor containers. If the outside is covered with siding, what is underneath?
  • Roof and attic .
    Framing, ventilation, roof structure, gutters and gutters.It does not imply any guarantee of roof condition or roof certification. How many layers are there on the roof? When does it need to be replaced? What is the average life expectancy of a roof?
  • Plumbing .
    Identification of pipe materials for drinking, drain, waste and vent lines. including state. Toilets, showers, sinks, taps and traps. It does not include sewer inspection. Ask whether the pipes are made of copper and watch out for faulty connections, as can occur with Kitec installations.
  • Systems and components .
    Water heaters, stoves, air conditioners, plumbing, chimneys, fire pits and sprinklers. Usually a separate chimney inspection is done if the inspector suspects there is a problem. Not all home inspectors check sprinklers to make sure they're working properly.
  • Electric .
    Main switchboard, circuit breakers, wiring types, grounding, exhaust fans, sockets, ceiling fans and lights. Ask if the switchboard is on a callback list. Is it the code? Are the cabinet users (preferred) or fuses (obsolete)?
  • equipment .
    Dishwasher, stove and oven, built-in microwaves, garbage disposal and yes even smoke detectors. Washers and dryers are also usually included when staying with the house, but ask because these devices are personal property.
  • garage .
    Plate, walls, ceiling, openings, entrance, fire protection, garage door, opener, lights, sockets, exterior, windows and roof. If the garage is attached to the house, it may also require pest control, depending on the type of loan the borrower is receiving. Does the garage have a firewall? Does the garage door have self-closing hinges from the house?

Home Inspection Checklist Items That Need Service

The house inspection reports do not describe the condition of every component if it is in excellent condition, but should consider every defective or serviceable product. The serious problems are:

  • Health and safety problems (within reason)
  • Roofs with a short life expectancy
  • Oven / air conditioner malfunctions
  • Foundation defects
  • Moisture / drainage problems
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Given the choice, it might be wiser to hire your own contractors and oversee repairs. Before making a formal repair request, consider the seller's incentive to use the cheapest contractor and replace equipment with the cheapest brands.

Although home inspectors are reluctant to deal with the cost of repairs and, in some cases, refuse to disclose repair costs, call a contractor to determine the scope and cost of fixing minor issues yourself. No home is perfect. Every home has noticed or flagged problems during a home inspection. Even new houses.

A repair problem, which is a deal breaker for a first-time buyer who cancels the contract, will not bother a home buyer who is versed in home repairs. Talk to your agent, family, and friends and call some contractors to discuss what types of defects are minor. A simple solution may be available, such as replacing a $ 1.99 outlet, which many Can solve socket problems.

Also pat yourself on the back for a home inspection. Some buyers feel that a home inspection is not necessary, especially if they are buying new homes. If a light switch is not working or the air conditioner is blowing out hot air, these are issues to see and test for. The problems that are not easy for you to identify, such as: B. Code violations, a stove leaking carbon monoxide, or a broken chimney are the types of defects a home inspector can identify in a new home. Building contractors also make mistakes.

At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, CalBRE # 00697006, is a Realtor Associate with Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, California.