What is a vascular disease

Definition of vascular disease is the collective term for all pathological changes in the blood vessels and the vessels of the lymphatic system. These include malformations, injuries, regulatory and functional disorders, inflammation and occlusive diseases.

When it comes to diseases of the blood vessels, a distinction is made between arterial and venous vascular diseases. The arterial include:

  • Arteriosclerosis,
  • Aneurysm,
  • Peripheral arterial occlusive disease, or PAOD for short, is one of the most common diseases in industrialized countries. Usually triggered by arteriosclerosis, fat and calcium are deposited on the inner walls of the vessels, which block the arteries in the pelvis, thighs or in the blood vessels further away from the heart. This disease is also known as intermittent claudication because those affected often stop in front of shop windows to take the pressure off their aching legs.
  • Coronary heart disease.

Venous vascular diseases include:

Lymphatic vessel diseases include:

  • lymphedema, a disorder of the lymph drainage caused by a congenital malformation or radiation therapy for cancer,
  • the inflammation of the lymph vessels, for example caused by bacteria, which can lead to so-called blood poisoning.

The risk factors for vascular diseases include high blood pressure, metabolic diseases, obesity, smoking, and lack of exercise.

The most common symptoms of vascular disease are pain, swelling, circulatory disorders, and skin changes.