Do the students at the BHU speak in English?

English learning vocabulary

2,000 basic words

of

Jürgen Nowak

introduction

Today, English is the lingua franca, the lingua franca in the world, whether in the globalized economy, in science or in tourism. English is the best way to get through professional life and in your free time when you meet strangers. This English learning vocabulary is a completely new way of learning by “building a donkey bridge” to make it easier for you to learn the English vocabulary. The term comes from the medieval teaching of scholastic philosophy, because pons asinorum is an expression for a logical middle term. The donkey bridge is a clue as a reminder. At the donkey bridges there are three routes:

1.      UR-ESELSBRÜCKE

This first UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is a natural bridge, because it assumes that English is related to German, because both languages ​​belong to the family of Germanic languages, including Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish and lesser-known small languages like Faroese, Frisian and Icelandic. Example: Sonne and English sun.

2.      STRANGER ESELSBRÜCKE

Since the German language itself has adopted many words from other languages ​​over the past two thousand years, especially from Greek and Latin and later from French and Italian, many English words can be recognized with the help of such bridges. An example: Instead of accepting, we also have to accept the foreign word that leads us to English> accept <.

3.      HELP DONKEY BRIDGE.

As a last resort, if the first two bridges are not possible, then AUXILIARY DONKEY BRIDGES are artificially “built” to give you a reminder to somehow remember the words. An example:

bad = bad, bad, bad

Anyone who goes swimming - for real or in a sense - usually feels bad, and is in a bad way.

 

A.

 

1.      ability = ability, talent

Whoever "has" something is usually capable or even gifted. This word comes from Latin.

In science there is the "habilitation". This is the acquisition of the right to teach at the university by writing a paper. The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> habilis <= easy to handle, suitable, suitable, skillful habere = have <.

 

2.      able = capable, capable, clever

see ability

 

3.      about = about, about

What is> above <, that> about <. And what is 'over 100' is 'about 100'. See above.

 

4.      above = above, above

If you leave out the prefix that developed from "about", then you approach the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE German "above".

 

5.      abroad = abroad

Two AUXILIARY ESELSBRÜCKEN are designed to help you learn.

  • 1. Anyone who is 'off' the 'road' is in the 'foreign' country and
  • 2. Literally translated means> a + broad = ein + broad <, i.e. if you can "spread out" outside your home country, you are abroad.

 

6.      absence = absence, absence, lack

see absent

 

7.      absent = absent, absent

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE comes about because the starting point is Latin> abesse = to be absent absent <, while it was translated for German.

 

8.      absolute = completely, unreservedly, absolutely

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back to Latin> absolutus = self-contained, complete, unconditional, without restriction <. Other foreign words are absolution and absolutism.

 

9.      accept = accept

“Unfortunately, I cannot accept that” is a common phrase.

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> accept

 

10.  accident = accident

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: "If the> axle

 

11.  accompany = accompany

The word is composed of> ac + company = zu + Gesellschaft <. When I am in company, I am accompanied. See company.

 

12.  according to = according to, according to

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German> chord = harmonious harmony of several tones <, i.e. the tones must correspond to each other.

 

13.  account = account

Both words contain the Latin root> contare = to count account discount

 

14.  accustom (to) = get used to (to)

The composition of the word from> ac + custom = zu + Sitte

 

15.  acquaint = to make known

As AILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE, remember the following sentence: "If you absolutely want to be introduced to someone, then you have to have a little bit of luck."

 

16.  acquaintance = acquaintance, acquaintance

see acquaint.

 

17.  across = across / across

A combination of> ac + cross = to + cross. See cross

 

18.  act = act, perform

In an act in the theater, there is action and the doer is the protagonist, the actor. All words are based on Latin> actio (Genetivactionis) = movement, action, activity <, derived from Latin> agere = set in motion, act, be active <. Compare act in our German vocabulary and current.

 

19.  action = action

see act

 

20.  actor / actress = actor

see act

 

21.  active = active

LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on Latin> activus <, a derivative of Latin> agere = set in motion, act, be active <. Compare act, current and action.

 

22.  activity = activity, activity

see active

 

23.  actual = actually, really, actually, by the way

What is "current" is now reality and fact. The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on the late Latin> actualis = active, effective, actually agere (actum) = rub, act <. Compare act and action.

 

24.  add = add

The FOREIGN ESELSBRÜCKE leads to> add <. The word comes from the Latin scientific language> addere dare = to give <+> ad = to, add <.

 

25.  address = to address, address, address, salutation

When I address someone, I address them directly. The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on vulgar Latin> addirectiare = to bring in a straight direction <, an education in Latin> directus = straightened <. Hence our word direct. Attention: in English the word is written with two dd.

 

26.  admiration = admiration

see admire.

 

27.  admire = admire

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we use the> Miracoli <, the name of a spaghetti company. The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> admirari = to admire <.

 

28.  admission = entry / entry

see admit.

 

29.  admit = admit, admit, allow:

In the Latin FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> admittere = send Mission = mission, message, task, task <. And as a memorandum: "If you now send a message, then you have to admit and admit something."

 

30.  adult = adult

First of all, an AID ESELSBRÜCKE: “As an adult, you often have to be 'patient' with children. The following derivation also exists as FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE: Latin> adultus = grown up adolescere = grow up <, which is derived from the foreign word> adolescence = adolescence. The adolescent is a growing youth who at some point becomes an "adult".

 

31.  advance = advance, promote, progress

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> advance = move up into a higher position <. The starting point is Latin> abante = in advance <

 

32.  advantage = advantage

In tennis there is the term> Advantage <: it describes the first point won after the debut (40:40). The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on French> avant = vor abante = vorweg <.

 

33.  adventure = adventure

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> Advent advenire <= to arrive <. An adventure is also arriving or is imminent.

 

34.  advertise = advertise

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we fall back on the foreign word> Expertise = report of an expert, specialist advertise advertire = to turn to <. When you turn to a newspaper, you want to advertise something so that others can hear about it.

 

35.  advertisement = advertising, advertisement, advertisement

see advertise.

 

36.  advice = advice

This word contains the two Latin syllables> ad = to visum = seen <. Advice is when one has come to see, to understand.

 

37.  advise = advise

see advice.

 

38.  affair = matter, business

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to a different field of meaning in German> Affaire = 1st embarrassing incident or 2nd love adventure. The starting point is French> (avoir) à faire = to have to do <. One can have a lot to do with an affair.

 

39.  afford = to afford

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: "If you can afford a> Ford

 

40.  afraid: In> afraid fear <. See fear.

 

41.  after = after, after, after

The exit of the rectum is also called the "anus" and, as is well known, it lies behind or behind. Both words have the same root. Perhaps more elegant is the explanation of men's aftershave after shaving.

 

42.  afternoon = afternoon

The word "noon" comes from the Latin "non-hora = not hour". And we know the abbreviation> h

 

43.  afterwards = afterwards, afterwards, afterwards

A decomposition of the word results in> after + wards = nach - wärt <. See after and wards.

 

44.  again = (always) again

In this word is our "opposite".

 

45.  against = against

In this word is our "opposite".

 

46.  age = age

As FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE they know the> teenager = young person between 13 and 19 years <, because in English these numbers all end in -teen, e.g. thirteen, fourteen, etc. to nineteen. If you leave out the> –teen age = age

 

47.  ago = before (her)

As a laborious HELP ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: The word can be broken down into> a + go = ein + go <, that is, what "went" was before.

 

48.  agree = agree, agree

In the diplomatic language, the word "Agrément" is known as the consent of a government to the appointment of a diplomatic representative in its country, e.g. B. the newly appointed German ambassador to Israel has received his Agrément.

 

49.  agreement = agreement, agreement, agreement: see agree

 

50.  ahead = ahead

The word is made up of> a + head = a head, a head in front of the finish line <.

 

51.  aim = goal

We are building an amorous ESELS-BRIDGE: "> Amy Aimée

 

52.  air = air

Everyone knows the airlines> Air France British Airways Airbus <. The derivation is easy. In German we also have foreign words like "airbag": that is an airbag in the car that inflates automatically in the event of a collision. All words are based on the Latin "aer = air".

 

53.  airport = airport

The word is known from air travel, because it is capitalized everywhere - including Germany. It is composed of> air = air port = harbor <.

 

54.  alcohol = alcohol

As FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE we have the Arabic word> kuhl = powdered cosmetic colorant al-kuhul <.

 

55.  alike = same, similar

If you change the first letter of the English word a to g, then the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is easier to recognize, namely German> equal <

 

56.  alive = alive, alive

> a + live <= a + live

 

57.  all = all, whole

Here the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is obvious.

 

58.  allow = allow

It is best to remember the HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE that both words sound and look similar, because –low and –lauben are similar. Both words have different roots as an origin. The German word is related to "dear, praise, believe". The Latin origin applies to English: The laudation is a “eulogy” - from Latin> laudere = to praise <- held on the occasion of an award ceremony to honor the winner. And those who are now praised will also be allowed something.

 

59.  all right = okay or everything right

Here is a composite UR-ESELSBRÜCKE:> all = everything +> right = correct <.

 

60.  almost = almost, almost

The decomposition of the English word leads us to a passable ESELSBRÜCKE:> al + most = everything + mostly <, so almost or almost. Compare all and most.

 

61.  alone = alone

English and German have the same composition, i.e. al = all (e) and one = ein.

 

62.  along = along

It literally means> a + long = a + long <, that is, along.

 

63.  already = already, already

The decomposition of the English word leads us to a passable ESELSBRÜCKE:> al + ready = everything + ready <, so weas is done, that is already / already done.

 

64.  so = also

So German - as a conclusion - also means in English, which is also a conclusion.

 

65.  although = although, although

The decomposition of the English word leads us to a passable ESELSBRÜCKE:> al + though = everything + although <, thus a reinforced> though = although <. Compare though.

 

66.  altogether = completely, completely

That is a combination of> all + togehter = all + together <. See together.

 

67.  always = always

The decomposition of the English word leads us to a passable ESELSBRÜCKE:> al + ways = all + ways, so always. Another HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE would be the sanitary napkin> Always <, which "always" offers protection.

 

68.  a.m = before (12 noon) noon

All times from midnight to noon receive this addition. It is a Latin abbreviation> ante meridiem = before noon <. Then it's p.m. (see there).

 

69.  American = American, American

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to the explorer> Amerigo

 

70.  among = under, between

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we remember the following North German, especially Berlin, saying: He sits> in the middle, i.e. in the middle of it.

 

71.  amount = amount, amount

When you go up the mountain you get a certain amount of altitude. The breakdown of the English word literally means:> a (d) + mount = to (m) + mountain <. A bill can also increase and lead to a large amount. See mountain.

 

72.  amuse = entertain, amuse

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German> amuse = entertain, pass the time, amuse <. The word comes from the French "amuser", the further origin of which is unclear.

 

73.  ancient = old, former

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to such terms as: 1.> Anciennitätsprinzip = Principle according to which, for example, civil servants are promoted according to seniority and not according to performance and 2. The historical term> Ancien régime = survived social order, esp France before 1789. The starting point for English> ancient ancien antea = earlier, before <

 

74.  and = and

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

75.  angry = angry, angry

The real UR-ESELSBRÜCKE goes through German> narrow = leaving little space, limited, close together, crowded <. When the situation gets tight, it can quickly become angry or angry.

 

76.  animal = animal

We know the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> animalistic = animal or instinctual behavior <. Origin is Latin> animal = animal <.

 

77.  another = another one, another (r, s)

> an + other = a + other

 

78.  answer = answer

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is a bit complicated. Literally translated means> answer = swear against <, because an- comes from> * ant = anti –swer swear <, which originally meant "(in court) to speak, to testify".

 

79.  anxiety = fear, concern, effort

see anxious.

 

80.  anxious (about, for)

The Indo-European UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German> Angst Enge <.The state of tightness and anxiety can mean fear. Other languages ​​include Latin> angustus = narrow, narrow <.

 

81.  any = (any) one

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> einig (e) <. There are many compositions for this with> any- <:

 

–          anybody = (any) someone, everyone:> any + body = any + body <, so anyone.

 

–          anyhow = anyway, anyway, somewhere:> any + how = any + how <, so anyway.

 

–          anyone = (any) someone, everyone:> any + one = any + one <, i.e. someone.

 

–         anything = (any) something, anything:> any + thing = any + thing <, i.e. something

 

–          anywhere = anywhere, anywhere:> any + where = somewhere + where (to) <, i.e. somewhere.

 

82.  apart from = apart from

The English literally means "a part of", because the starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is> part = part <, e.g. in German> partiell = partially <.

 

83.  apartment = apartment

We also have the word - spelled with two ps - in our linguistic usage, in the sense of a well-equipped apartment. Literally it means the "partitioned", because it is in Latin> pars = part <.

 

84.  apologize = apologize

Here we fall back on a very daring fake ESELSBRÜCKE, namely the god Apollo, who forgives people.

 

85.  appear = appear to appear

The decomposition results in> ad / ap) + pear <. As AID ESELSBRÜCKE, make a note of: "Anyone who appears at the> Pier = Hafendamm, Landungsbrücke

 

86.  appearance = appearance, appearance

see appear.

 

87.  apple = apple

A clear UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

88.  application = application, application, diligence

see apply

 

89.  apply (to) = apply, apply (to)

Remember the following computer sentence as AID ESELSBRÜCKE: “The young computer scientist applied to the company> Apple <.

 

90.  appoint = fix, determine, appoint

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> Punkt <, hence> ad + point = zu (dem) + Punkt <, i.e. what exactly comes to the point is fixed and determined. The starting point is Latin> punctum = the stabbed> to the verb> pungere = sting <.

 

91.  appointment

> appointment = get to the point

 

92.  appreciate = to appreciate

People appreciate what has a (high) price. In the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE there is Latin> pretium = price <, which the German was also adopted early as a loan word.

 

93.  April = April

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back to the Roman calendar: It is the 2nd month of the original calendar of the Romans:> Aprilis (mensis) <. The origin of the word has not been clarified with certainty.

 

94.  approach = to approach, to approach; Access, access:

Anyone who is> proper = clean proprius = peculiar, essential, courteous, appropriate <, and one too found in> ap + proach <.

 

95.  approve = approve

If you have tried the wine and it tasted good, you allow the waiter to serve the wine. The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> Probe <, a borrowing from Latin> probare = to try, test, examine <.

 

96.  area = area, area

As FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE we have in German the word> areal = floor area, property, area of ​​distribution (of plants or animals) <. The starting point is Latin> area = free space, base <.

 

97.  argue = to argue

Anyone who argues should have arguments so as not to lose. The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> arguere = to clearly identify, make clear, illuminate <.

 

98.  argument = argument

see argue.

 

99.  arise = stand up, rise, arise

see rise.

 

100.          arm = arm

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is obvious.

 

101.          arms = weapons

see army.

 

102.          army = army, army, military

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back via French> armée armare = arm arma (plural) = war equipment, weapons <.

 

103.          around = around, around ... around

A combination of> a + round = ein + rund <.

 

104.          arrange = regulate, arrange

In our society too, one occasionally has to "come to terms with someone = come to an understanding, find a solution despite opposing points of view". The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us in French:> arranger = put in order <.

 

105.          arrangement = agreement, appointment

see arrange.

 

106.          arrest = arrest, arrest

We also know arrest, e.g. youth arrest as a light prison sentence. The root of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on Latin> restare = stand still <.

 

107.          arrival = arrival

Perhaps you have already arrived in> Riva del Garda <, on the shores of Lake Garda in Italy. Because English> arrive arriver = to arrive ad + ripa = to + bank <. We also know the word "established" for someone who has advanced professionally, socially and has achieved success, recognition and prestige. He has reached the other "bank".

 

108.          arrive = arrive

see arrival.

 

109.          art = (the) art

We have the foreign word> artificial = artificial <. The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> ars = art, skill <.

 

110.          article = article

The article goes in the newspaper as FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE, as a commodity or as a section of the law goes back to Latin> articulus = small joint, section <

 

111.          as = as, how

Leave out the l in German and you have "as".

 

112.          ashamed = ashamed

Here the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is German> Scham <.

 

113.          ashes = ashes

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

114.          aside = aside

see side.

 

115.          ask = to ask

The word UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is related to the old German word "heischen = something imperiously demand, covet, request". And whoever asks something has a request, he must ask.

 

116.          asleep = asleep

see sleep.

 

117.          assistant = assistant

The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> assistere = stand by, support <.

 

118.          association = association, society, association

In the word there is the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> social = social socius = comrade <. If you regularly become socially hostile with other people, then you form an association or society.

 

119.          astonish = to astonish, to astonish

Both words are not related to each other, but the middle syllables> stone ~ staun

 

120.          at = on, on, in, over, around, to

The preposition has a wide variety of uses in English.

 

121.          at last = finite: Literally it means "to the last", so finally. See at and last.

 

122.          at least = at least, at least: Literally means> at least = as last

 

123.          at once = immediately

Literally means> at once = all at once <, i.e. to make soft or not to mention?

 

124.          attach (to) = attach (to)

From the world of diplomats we know the> attaché = head of a department of the diplomatic mission attacher = to attach, bind, connect, assign <.

 

125.          attack = to attack, to attack

In German there is also the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> Attacke = equestrian attack or illness attack> and> attack = sharply, specifically attack with words <. The starting point is Italian> attaccare = to attack <, which itself goes back to a Germanic root> Stake <.

 

126.          attend = visit, attend, treat

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> tend = incline towards something, strive in a certain direction attend at + tend = to + tension, expand

 

127.          attention = attention

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: Even the fear of a possible "assassination" requires "attention" and caution.

 

128.          attract = attract, tie up

see attraction.

 

129.          attraction: attraction, attraction

The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE> attractive attrahere = to approach, to draw in <.

 

130.          attractive = attractive, handsome, delightful

see attraction.

 

 

131.          August = August

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back to the Roman calendar: It is the month that was referred to in honor of the Roman Emperor Octavian "Augustus = the Holy, Exalted, Exalted".

 

132.          aunt = aunt

The English aunt is a little hard to digest for studying. Perhaps the following HELP ESELSBRÜCKE is useful: Remove the initial t from German "Aunt" and a word that is more similar to English "aunt".

 

133.          automatic = automatic

What goes by itself is just automatic. The starting point of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Greek> autos = self, own <.

 

134.          autumn = autumn

The construction of an AID ESELSBRÜCKE is difficult here, but perhaps this memo helps: “If it rains a lot in autumn in Germany, then you have to have a lot of staying power.

 

135.          available = available

A loud HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE supports you when you break down the word:> away + able = weg + kann

 

136.          average = average, average

The HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE uses the construction 'be greeted anger', i.e. two words:> ave (-Maria) = be greeted + rage = anger <.

 

137.          aware

What I am "aware", I am aware of. The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is the German verb> Wahr <.

 

138.          awake = awake

Here is a UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

139.          away = away, away

What is of the "way" is gone or gone.

 

140.          awful = terrible, terrible

The HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE is built using the following motto: "The 'VW' 'is' terrible'> full = ful

 

B.

 

141.          baby = infant, baby

The German word comes from English.

 

142.          back = back, back, back

> Port

 

143.          backwards = backwards

The combination of> back + wards = back + wards

 

144.          bad = bad, bad, bad

The following HELP-ESELSBRÜCKE helps us here: Anyone who goes swimming - in real terms or in a sense - usually feels bad, and is in a bad way.

 

145.          bag = bag, bag, sack

At least all motorists are familiar with the> airbag air <).

 

146.          baggage = luggage

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: “He came to visit with all his 'baggage'. Instead of luggage, it means in German pejoratively: "Group of people who make you angry."

 

147.          bake = to bake

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

148.          balance = scales; Balance; Balance sheet

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to two foreign words: 1.> Balance = equilibrium Balance = comparative comparison of income and expenditure, closing of accounts <. The starting point is late Latin> bilanx = scales with two scales <. From this, French> balance> and Italian> bilancia bilancio

 

149.          balcony = balcony

The word comes from Italian. This is based on the Lombard word> balko>, which corresponds to our> bar <.

 

150.          ball = ball

The word goes back to an Indo-European UR-ESELSBRÜCKE> * bhel– = inflate, swell, be plump <. Hence also in Greek "phallos = male member".

 

151.          band = (music) band

Who does not know the common foreign word tape. The origin of the word is unclear.

 

152.          bank = bank (house)

The bank comes from the Italian 'banco', like so many expressions in money, such as gross, net, current account, adagio. The Italian word is based on the German 'bank', namely the money changers' table in Italy.

 

153.          bar = bar, counter

A loan word from English into German.

 

154.          bare = naked, bare

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear: If someone is cash, then he has no money, he is “naked without money”.

 

155.          bargain = (opportunity) purchase, agreement; act, haggle

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German> borrow <, but in a different sense.

 

156.          barrel = barrel

As an AID ESELSBRÜCKE you can remember: "In a> bar barrel = keg

 

157.          base = base, base; common

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE> Basis = substructure, basis, starting point basis = step, reason, basis bainein = go, step <. You can only walk on good ground.

 

158.          basement = basement, basement, basement

The basement is the basis of a house. See base.

 

159.          basket = basket

As LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE we have the sport "basketball", where the ball is known to be thrown into a basket.

 

160.          bath = bath

The Indo-European UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to the root> * bhe– = warm, roast

 

161.          bathroom = bathroom

It is literally the "bath room".

 

162.          battle = battle

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German> battalion = military troop unit <. The starting point is Latin> battualia = fencing exercises <.

 

163.          bay = bay

Despite the same mood, there is no relationship. But who knows the TV show> Bay Watch

 

164.          be = be

The auxiliary verb> be = sein> has different roots in it. In German we also have "I> am are <".

 

165.          beach = beach

> Beachball = beach ball

 

166.          bean = bean

A simple UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

167.          beard = beard

Here, too, there is an old Indo-European UR-ESELSBRÜCKE * bhar-, * bhor- = protruding, bristle, tip <.

 

168.          beast = animal

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE goes to German> beast <.

 

169.          beat = to beat

Who does not know the> Beatles Beatmusic beat = to beat <.

 

170.          beautiful = beautiful

The word comes from the French> beau = beautiful ful = full <. We now know the> Beauty Center

 

171.          beauty = beauty

see beautiful.

 

172.          because = because

The one formation in French> par cause de = from the reason <,> by cause

 

173.          because of = because of

see because

 

174.          become = become

Be careful, because 'become' does not mean to get, but to become!

 

175.          bed = bed

A clear UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

176.          bedroom = bedroom

The “bed room” is the bedroom.

 

177.          bee = bee

A clear UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

178.          beef = beef

Who hasn't eaten a beef steak before?

 

179.          beer = beer

Here is a Germanic UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

180.          before = before, before, before

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clearly recognizable.

 

181.          beg = to ask, to plead, to beg

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we are looking for learning support with the> Beg <, an old higher title in Turkey, which is placed after the name.

 

182.          beggar = beggar

see beg.

 

183.          begin = begin, begin

A light UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

184.          beginning = beginning, beginning

see begin.

 

185.          behave = to behave, to behave

It is a combination of> be + have = sein + haben <. So whoever has a being has a behavior.

 

186.          behavior = behavior, behavior, behavior

See behave.

 

187.          behind = behind

Both words have a Germanic UR-ESELSBRÜCKE> * hind- <, in order to then add a different prefix or suffix.

 

188.          belief = belief

If you replace the German prefix g (e) - with be, then the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is more clearly recognizable.

 

189.          believe = believe

see belief.

 

190.          bell = bell, bell

When the dog "barks", there is a sound or even a noise, just as with the English bell = bell. Here there is even a real ESELSBRÜCKE, because there is an Indo-European root * bhel- = to sound, talk, roar, bark <.

 

191.          belong = belong

The German etymological parallel as UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is> belangen <. If I bring someone up, I sue them, i.e. I hold them accountable. So something is his.

 

192.          below = under (half)

The word is made up of the prefix "be" and the word "low".

 

193.          belt = belt

Travelers to Denmark know the> Great Belt Little Belt belt <.

 

194.          bench = (seat) bench

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE can be seen.

 

195.          bend = bend, bend; Curve

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> bind <, but with a different meaning.

 

196.          berry = berry

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

197.          beside = beside, except

If I take something "aside", then I do it "alongside" or "outside" halfway.

 

198.          besides = also

see beside.

 

199.          best = best (e), best

The relationship is clear.

 

200.          bet = bet

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we remember the saying: "Swap the bet for the bed or the> w b <, then you can sleep more peacefully."

 

201.          better = better

The relationship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

202.          between = between

The word is composed of the prefix "be" and the number "tween = two".

 

203.          beware (of) = beware (of), be careful (of)

This is where the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE lies in German> preserve

 

204.          bicycle = bicycle

Who does not know the> mountain bike

 

205.          big = big

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE take the advertising from McDonalds: The> BigMac large

 

206.          bill = bill, draft law

As HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we think of the saying: "Today> Billy

 

207.          bird = bird

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we think of the American actor "Burt" Lancaster, who is certainly an interesting "bird".

 

208.          birth = birth

If you leave out the German prefix "ges", the relationship is immediately clear.

 

209.          birthday = birthday

In addition to the relatives' clear UR-ESELSBRÜCKE, they also know the birthday song "Happy birthday to you, ...", which we often sang.

 

210.          bit = piece (chen)

Our word> Bite (s)

 

211.          bite = bite

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

212.          bitter = bitter

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

213.          black = black

> Black is beautiful <- that is the slogan of many black people.

 

214.          blame = rebuke, guilt; rebuke, reproach

Who wants to 'embarrass = expose, make ridiculous'? The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back via French> blamer = rebuke blasphemous = insult, blaspheme <.

 

215.          blanket = (woolen) blanket, blanket

Nobody wants to lie 'bare' when they are cold. > blanket white> wool blanket, because the starting point is Germanic> * blanka- = white <. This color designation - see also> blue <- migrated into the Romance languages, e.g. French> blanc bianco <. Hence the terms taken over from the Italian commercial language such as> blank = empty, not completely filled out blank check = check signed without an indication of the amount blank power of attorney = unrestricted power of attorney <.

 

216.          bless = bless

The final formula "God bless you" is well known.

 

217.          blind = blind

The kinship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE cannot be denied.

 

218.          block = block

The relationship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

219.          blood = blood

The kinship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE cannot be denied.

 

220.          blouse = blouse

The relationship is clear, but there is no unequivocal clarification of the origin of the word.

 

 

221.          blow = blow, blow; Blow, blow

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to German ver> bleuen = violently beat up <.

 

222.          blue = blue

There is a chain at UR- or LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE. > blue * bhel- = shiny, white <- hence e.g.> Belarus = Belarus <-. Since the colors were not precisely determined in the past, the current meaning of blue has developed from this. The Germanic word migrated into the Romance languages, hence French 'bleu', which in turn became English 'blue'.

 

223.          board = notice board; Catering

If you move around the vowel and the r, the relationship results in "Brett". "Bord" as a ship's edge or deck also belongs to the family here.

 

224.          boat = boat

The kinship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE cannot be denied.

 

225.          body = body; Corpse

As FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE we are further helped by:> Bodyguard = bodyguard Bodybuilding = method of physical formation and perfecting of the body shape through targeted muscle training with special equipment "(DUDEN1994: 212f) <.

 

226.          boil = boil, simmer

We know the> boiler

 

227.          bold = bold

He who acts boldly and decisively is quick and therefore acts soon. This shift in meaning explains the unlikely UR-ESELSBRÜCKE of "bold" and "soon".

 

228.          bone = bone

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to German> leg Gebeine = bones, skeleton <.

 

229.          book = book

The relationship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

230.          border = border

In German we have the word> border = edging, edge, framing trim <. Also with> border

 

231.          boring = boring

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE, remember the funny word "Bohr-ring" or the aircraft manufacturer "Boeing". Both are not very convincing, but support learning.

 

232.          born = born

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE cannot be denied.

 

233.          borrow = to borrow, to borrow

The Kinship's UR-ESELSBRÜCKE cannot be denied.

 

234.          both = both

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

 

235.          bother = annoy, torment

We use a simple HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE in which we omit the r from> brother = brother <, which can sometimes bother and torment you.

 

236.          bottle = bottle

Who does not know a> bottle party Buddel Buttel bouteille = bottle <, which in turn is based on vulgar Latin> butticila = bottle, jug <, a diminutive of late Latin> buttis = barrel <.

 

237.          bottom = bottom, bottom, bottom

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE can be seen.

 

238.          bowl = bowl, bowl, ball

Two words help us here as FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE: 1. The> punch = drink made from wine, sparkling wine, sugar and fruit bowling = American skittles with ten balls <.

 

239.          box = box, box, box

We borrowed the box from English as a box-shaped container. The word Büchse also belongs to this family, which has its origins in Greek> pyxis = box tree <.

 

240.          boy = boy

Who does not know the magazine> Playboy <, which, however, shows women for the> boys <.

 

241.          brain = brain, mind

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to the scientific method> Brainstorming = procedure to find the best solution to a problem by collecting spontaneous ideas <.

 

242.          branch = branch, branch

We know the word branch as a branch of industry and trade in the economy. The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads back via French> branche = branch, branch branca = paw <.

 

243.          brave = brave, capable

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back to Latin> barbarus = foreign bravo

 

244.          bread = bread

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clear.

 

245.          break = break

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is clearly recognizable.

 

246.          breakfast = breakfast

Anyone who "breaks the fast" has breakfast.

 

247.          breath = breath, breath

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we remember: A fresh> breeze = sea breeze

 

248.          breathe = to breathe

see breath.

 

249.          bridge = bridge

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE can be seen.

 

250.          bright = bright, shining, clever

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE they think of the beautiful southern English seaside resort> Brighton bright shining

 

251.          bring = bring

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE of both words is evident.

 

252.          Britain or Great Britain = Great Britain

> Britain

 

253.          broad = broad

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE relationship is clearly recognizable.

 

254.          broadcast = broadcast; broadcast by radio

A breakdown of the word results in> broad + cast = broad + throw <, i.e. the waves of the transmitter are broadly broadcast so that broadcasting is possible.

 

255.          brochure = brochure, prospectus

Both words come from the synonymous French "brochure". The "brooch" also belongs to this family. The basis is the Latin adjective> broch (h) us = protruding (from the teeth of animals) <.

 

256.          brother = brother

Who does not know the show> Big Brother <, the title of which goes back to Orwell’s quote> The Big Brother is watching you = the big brother is watching you <. The word is an Indo-European UR-ESELSBRÜCKE, e.g. Latin> frater <, Greek> phrater brat <.

 

257.          brown = brown

A clear UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

258.          build = build

See building.

 

259.          building = building

Who doesn't know the Empire State Building in New York? The origin is an old Indo-European root * bhu– or * bheu– = grow, build <, which also appears in Greek> physis = nature <, hence for example> physics physiology <.

 

260.          burn = to burn

If you switch> he u <, then the UR-ESELSBRÜCKE of the kinship is recognizable. This is based on an old Indo-European root * bher (e) - to bump up, to be in violent motion.

 

261.          burst = burst, burst, break

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE can be clearly seen to burst.

 

 

 

262.          bury = to bury / to bury

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE goes here to German> hide <. Anyone who wants to hide something wants to "bury" it in front of others forever.

 

263.          bus = (omni-) bus

This is a LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE, because> Bus omnibus = for all <, the dative plural of> omnis = everyone <.

 

264.          business = business

The word is made up of> busy = busy <- see next word explanation - and the suffix> –ness <, which denotes a state or a condition, ie "being busy".

 

265.          busy = busy

The English word "busy" only exists in Dutch "bezig" = busy. As a weak AUXILIARY ESELSBRÜCKE, we remember that when someone is "occupied", then he is> busy ".

 

266.          but = but, but

As a weak HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE we remember that someone who is supposed to eat little fat because of his cholesterol level says to the waiter: "> but = but

 

267.          butcher = butcher, butcher

The word is borrowed from French> boucher = butcher <, which in turn comes from Celtic. That is why we need an AID ESELSBRÜCKE: Instead of the meat we now take the wine, because our comparison word is the> butler = the highest-ranking servant in noble English houses. Actually he is the wine cellar master, because the word comes from old French "bouteillier". The basis is Latin> buticula = little vessel, jug <. Hence French> bouteille bottle = bottle <.

 

268.          button = button

As FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE we know the> button = "round plastic plaque with an inscription, which is taken over from English, which is supposed to indicate the opinion of the wearer on certain questions" (DUDEN 1994: 233) <.

 

269.          butter = butter

The word is from Latin from Greek> butyron = cow cheese, butter

 

270.          buy = buy

As AID ESELSBRÜCKE we take the football club>Bayern

 

271.          by = from, to

The UR-ESELSBRÜCKE is in German "bei", but in English with a different meaning.

 

C.

 

272.          cab = taxi

> cab cabriolet <= car with a folding top. The word is of French origin.

 

273.          café = café; restaurant

'Café' is the French spelling for our word 'coffee', which we borrowed from there. The word has its origins in his homeland. Via Turkish> kahve qahva <. The Arabic name probably comes from the Abyssinian landscape of Kaffa, the home of the coffee bush.

 

274.          cake = cake

Both words have the same root of a UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

275.          calculator = calculator

We have a FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE: German> calculate = calculate, estimate, (a situation) estimate, consider <. It is based on late Latin> calculare = calculate, add up <.

 

276.          call = call; call; call (by phone)

There is the 'call boy' and the 'call girl' who, as prostitutes, receive or visit people on telephone calls, and there are now the 'call centers' for services.

 

277.          calm = calm, quiet

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes to German> Kalme = Windstille <. The starting point is via French> calme calma = wind position barelya = (sun) heat.

 

278.          camera = camera

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes back to the Latin word> camera obscura = dark chamber <, which was adopted from English into German. This is the "closed space with a hole, on the back wall of which the image of an object in front of it appears" (Pfeiffer 1993: 611f). The word "chamber" for room is also derived from it.

 

279.          camping = camping, tents

Here is the chain of a LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE: The word adopted from English belongs to> to camp = in the open air <, which in turn goes back to the Latin> campus = flat field, level <. We also know the "campus" as a foreign word as the overall system of a university.

 

280.          can = can

No problem with this UR-ESELSBRÜCKE.

 

281.          can = tin, can

The English word was probably borrowed from the German word Kanne, the origin of which is itself disputed. One version is based on Latin> canna = vessel <, another from Latin> (olla) cannata = (pot) with a pouring tube <.

 

282.          cancel = cancel, undo, delete

Here we have to take a long detour in the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE, the English> cancel chancellery = office <,> (federal) chancellor = head of government <,> pulpit = raised, parapet-surrounded square of the Preacher in the church "and" disgrace = rebuke, rebuke "together. The starting point is Latin> cancer = barrier, grid <. So if you can put someone in the "barriers", you can also> cancel = cancel and do something backwards <.

 

283.          cap = hat, cap, lid

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads to Latin> cappa = head covering <.

 

284.          capital = capital

We know the "capital" as wealth, the "chapter" as a section of a book and the "captain" as the captain of a ship, and many other derivations. The basis of this wordy family is the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE from Latin> caput = head, head, point, main person <. > capital

 

285.          captain = captain

Both words are a LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE borrowed from Middle Latin> capitaneus caput = head.

 

286.          car = car

The English> car Karre Karren <. We still know the wheelbarrow in (garden) construction or a cart as a negative term for an old car. The basis is Latin> carrus = four-wheeled transport wagon <.

 

287.          card = card

The word is based on the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE from French> carte carta <, which in turn presuppose Latin> charta chartes <.

 

288.          care = care, custody; take care of

The American "care packages" are known from the post-war period, i.e. gift packages in times of need.

 

289.          careful = carefully and careless = careless, careless

If you add <–ful = full

 

290.          carpet = carpet

A daring HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE is useful here: The decomposition of the word in> car + pet car + ped-ale = car + pedals

 

291.          carriage = transport, conveyance, carriage

see.carry.

 

292.          carry = to carry

> carry car = car <. Something is easy to carry in a car.

 

293.          case = case; Box, suitcase

In grammar one speaks of the "case" as an inflection case or generally of an occurrence, an occurrence. The basis of the FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> casus = fall cadere = to fall <.

 

294.          cash = cash, cash payment

As LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE, the word> cash kasse <, which is based on Italian> cassa = container, place for money storage <, which in turn goes back to Latin> capsa = container <. We also know the word "capsule".

 

295.          cast = throw, pour; Throw, cast

In film and television,> casting = casting of roles <. Therefore, think of the HILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE: "The actor" throws himself into the role in order to fill it. "

 

296.          castle = castle

"My home is my castle" = my home is my castle ". > castle chateau <, both of which go back to Latin> castellum = fortified place, fort, fort, castle <.

 

297.          cat = cat

As LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE, the cat is a European wandering word that comes from a non-Indo-European language, but its origin is unclear.

 

298.          catch = catch, grab

We know the> catcher

 

299.          cause = cause, cause

We know the word 'causal' from Latin 'causa = cause, cause, matter'.

 

300.          cellar = cellar

The starting point of the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is Latin> cellarium = pantry to Latin> cella = cell <.

 

301.          cent = cent

One dollar has 100 cents. That is the hundredth part, because Latin> centum = one hundred <.

 

302.          center = center

The basis of the LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is Greek> kentron = center of a circle or a surface <, however mediated by Latin> centrum = center of the circle <.

 

303.          central = central

See center.

 

304.          century = century

Latin> centum = hundred <, so one hundred years = century.

 

305.          certain = certain, certain, certain

The FREMD-ESELSBRÜCKE goes to German> Certificate = 1st certificate and 2nd share certificate in investment companies <. The starting point is Latin> certus = sure <.

 

306.          certainly = certainly, definitely

Cf. certain

 

307.          certificate = certificate

In Germany, too, we can use the "certificate" as an official certificate; the basis of the certificate is Latin> certificatus = authenticated certus = safe, certain <.

 

308.          chain = chain; chain

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE of both words invokes in Latin> catena = chain, fetter, compulsion <. The initial Latin syllable "ca-" has mostly become "cha-" in French, hence "chaine" in French and then into English "chain".

 

309.          chair = chair, armchair

You know the "Katheder" as a (teacher's) desk or as a professor's chair. Origin is Greek> kathedra = seat, chair <.

 

310.          chance = chance, opportunity, possibility

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on French> chance <, which is based on Latin> cadere = to fall <.

 

311.          change = change, change, change; change, change, change

One knows the exchange offices from vacation abroad, where it always says: "Change money".

 

312.          character = character

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE is based on the Greek> character = tool for digging, engraving, physical and linguistic peculiarity, characteristic <

 

313.          charge = charge; Office, indictment; calculate, burden

In German there is the> Charge = among other things as 1st dignity, office, 2nd superior in the military, 3rd supporting role in the theater <. Actually, French means> charger = to load, to burden <, which in turn derives from the Latin> carrus = wagon <(cf. car). So if I am charged, I will be charged.

 

314.          charm = grace, magic; bewitch

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads via French> charmer = to bewitch carmen = religious and magical formula, poem, song <.

 

315.          charming = lovely, delightful

Compare charm.

 

316.          chat = to chat, to chat

The English word has become known from the Internet language.

 

317.          cheap = cheap

Who doesn't want to "buy" something cheaply? Both words form a LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE, because the basis is Latin> caupo (genitive) cauponis) = innkeeper, hostel father, small trader <. The Teutons got to know this word in contact with the Romans.

 

318.          cheat = cheat

As AILFS-ESELSBRÜCKE take the fact that I elegantly exclaim "schitt" for "shit" when I have been cheated because I am very angry with myself.

 

319.          check = chess; Check; (check) check, control

We have also adopted this word into German when one speaks of> checken = nachprüfen check-in <.

 

320.          cheer = to cheer, shout, cheer up; cheer

In basketball there is the> cheer leader> who cheer the players.

 

321.          Cheers = cheers

See cheer.

 

322.          cheese = cheese

The LEHN-ESELSBRÜCKE leads us to Latin> caseus <= cheese. Since the Germanic peoples only knew the soft cheese, they adopted the new production technique and the name from the Romans.

 

323.          chemist = pharmacy, drugstore

This is where the> chemistry is