How do you say adult in Swedish

Learn Swedish: 6 options + 2 beginner's mistakes

Learn swedish

Swedish is remarkably similar to German. So it's not difficult to learn Swedish at all. We present different possibilities and reveal which mistakes you should avoid as a beginner.

Learn Swedish easily online with the Babbel language learning app

Our following methods and tips make learning the Swedish language easier, but it always remains a time-consuming challenge. Nowadays there are many ways to learn a new foreign language. In the past, adults mainly learned a new language at adult education centers or in stationary courses offered by private educational providers. Disadvantages: The learners have to adhere to a rigid course schedule and a fixed learning pace.

A contemporary possibility are (web) apps like those from market leaders Babbel. The Web browser and Smartphone apps, Interaction is very important and playful elements keep the motivation up. Babbel also offers the opportunity to exchange ideas with other learners - including one Matching option for language tandem partners on-line.

The language learning app can be Try it completely free of charge and without obligationThe first lessons are free of charge in every learning language. If you get a taste for it, the premium version can already be used for a fair 5.99 euros per month can be unlocked.

Swedish in the world

Swedish in the world

Sweden is about 100,000 square kilometers larger than Germany and only barely has it ten million inhabitants. Swedish culture is known in Europe and partly all over the world. Maybe you grew up with the books by the author Astrid Lindgren and her stories about Pippi Longstocking or Michel from Lönneberga.

There are around 9.5 million native Swedish speakers. Just under 300,000 live in Finland Finland Sweden. They make up 5.5 percent of the population there. Therefore, Swedish is also an official language in Finland.

Due to the close relationship between Swedish and Norwegian, Swedes can converse with Norwegians without any problems. There is even a language “Svorsk”, which is made up of the Swedish and Norwegian colloquial languages. Swedes can also communicate with Danes. Since the differences are a little bigger than in Norwegian, both sides have to speak slowly and clearly.

Special features of the Swedish language

Swedish is not only spoken in Stockholm

Like Norwegian and Danish, Swedish belongs toScandinavian language group. Since Swedish is closely related to German, as a German learner you have a decisive advantage over others.

Can you also English, learning is even easier for you. Then you are already familiar with some grammatical structures and do not have to learn everything from scratch. In addition, many words are very similar to German and English. Even if you don't have any prior knowledge, you can probably make sense of it while reading a Swedish text.

In Sweden there is between 300 and 500 dialects. The Swedish in southern Sweden is very similar to Danish. The official language, however, is standard Swedish, which is spoken in authorities, schools and universities.

There are a few specifics about the Swedish language that you should know about. Most importantly, you learn grammatical basics and pronunciation at the beginning. Vocabulary is also important so that you can have a conversation. Here's what you should know about the pronunciation, thevocabulary and thegrammar to know the Swedish language:

Swedish pronunciation

Speak swedish

As a beginner, pronunciation is probably the hardest part at first. Swedish is very much compared to German melodic. The letter “Y” in “ny” (new), for example, is difficult to pronounce because this sound does not exist in German. At first there is also Swedish hard to understand, because spoken words are linked together so that they appear endlessly long at first. Basically, the words are short, even shorter than in German.

In general, Swedish has two accents or accents:

1. Print accent:The emphasis is similar to that in English or German. This accent occurs in words that only A syllable have, but also in some two- and more-syllable words. With the pressure accent, the pitch drops towards the end of the word.

2. Musical accent: This accent is characteristic of the Swedish language. He is unknown in German. Almost all polysyllabic words are pronounced with a polysyllabic accent. It works as follows: first, the pitch falls above the first syllable, like the pressure accent, but then rises again above the second syllable. So the main stress of most polysyllabic Swedish words is on the first syllable. The musical accent only begins with one of the following syllables. So the word almost sounds like a question.

How you have to emphasize a word depends on its Ending from. The length and brevity of the pronunciation of the vowels lead to a difference in meaning. It's best not to just memorize the pronunciation rules, but to get an overview and then learn from lesson to lesson.

In the beginning it is helpful as often as possible to hear spoken Swedish. You may not understand much yet, but you will get used to the speech melody and have the correct pronunciation in your ears.

Swedish vocabulary

Swedish vocabulary

The Swedish alphabet consists of 29 letters. “Ä” and "Ö" are known to you as a German native speaker, but as umlauts and thus as variants of the letters “A” and “O”. In Swedish, “Ä” and “Ö” are separate letters and follow with the “Å” after the letter Z at the end of the alphabet.

You use Swedish dictionary, you have to get used to the fact that, for example, the words “garn” and “gärna” are not to be found immediately after each other, but rather several pages apart. There is no “Ü” in Swedish. The letter “Å” is pronounced like a German “O”.

You can learn Swedish vocabulary in no time because they are very similar to German or English. So you can be sure of it memorize quickly. That's the name of “Hjälp!” for example “Help!”, “ingång” “Entrance” or “polisstation” “Police station”. Nevertheless, you have to practice regularly and stay motivated. Tips for learning vocabulary can be found here.

Swedish grammar

Swedish grammar is not particularly complicated. As in any language, there are numerous exceptions to the rules. In Swedish there are up to 15 parts of speech. Knows the Swedish language two sexes, the “utrum” and “neuter”. Utrum is the common form for the masculine and feminine gender of nouns. A single, living individual is considered an utrum.

Utrum words have the article “En” and neuter words the article "Ett". Although Utrum stands for masculine and feminine nouns, the genders are not always the same as in German: “en häst” means “the horse” in German. In Swedish, however, you are not allowed to use a neuter article. The word belongs in the Utrum category.

In Swedish they have nominative, genitive, accusative or dative no complicated endings. There is only a small change in the genitive: You add a -s to the respective noun. If the noun ends in -s, the additional genitive-S is omitted.

In relation to Times there are precise rules in Swedish. You have to learn these by heart. Then you will soon have no problems determining the correct tense. Use the simple past tense when specifying a time such as “yesterday” or “a year ago”.

The Swedish sentence structure is similar to German in the principles, but different in the details. The basic word order applies Subject Predicate Object and the Verb-second rule. As in German, the main clause can begin with any part of a sentence and the finite verb then comes in second position. However, the word order inside the sentence and in the subordinate clauses is different than in German.

Another peculiarity of Swedish is that the polite form “Sie” is not used. The Swedes are generally considered to be relaxed, to say goodbye and thus forego formalities. Young people are on the terms of senior citizens, authorities are on the population terms. The recipient is also used in mail from the authorities, even young people are using senior citizens' names. This should simplify social interaction. The only exception: members of the royal family are still addressed by their full title.

Swedish for Beginners: Ways to Learn

Learn Swedish on a language trip

You can learn the Swedish language in very different ways. Which one you choose also depends on how much money and time you want to invest. You should also ask yourself in advance whether you want to spend some time in Sweden or would you rather study in Germany. You have the following options to learn Swedish:

Language trips

If you spend some time in Sweden, you will learn Swedish most effectively because you can learn what you have learned Apply language skills directly on site. Language trips are very suitable for this. If you are only going on vacation in Sweden, you will most likely only speak German with your friends and come out as a tourist.

Are you against it with one Study group on the way, you have the opportunity to get to know the local culture with like-minded people and maybe even meet locals. This way you will immediately notice the practical use your language skills have in everyday life. During your language trip, you will likely live in one host family. This is how you speak Swedish in your everyday environment outside of the language school.

If you don't have enough money for a language trip, you can also go as a AU Pair to go to Sweden or one there Voluntary social year complete. Then your accommodation costs are lower and you still have direct contact with the locals and learn Swedish quickly.

Swedish course at universities and academies

Language courses at universities and academies

At Universities there is usually a wide range of languages. English, French and Spanish are particularly popular. Swedish is also offered at many universities. Most of the time, it is relatively easy to get a place, as the number of people interested in such courses is limited. A big advantage is that the groups are usually smaller for this reason and the lessons are all the more intensive.

If you are still studying, you can attend such courses for free and sometimes even get credit points for your studies. Are you applying as External you will likely have to pay a fee to take the course.

For an advanced course you need a certain one Language levelthat you have to show before starting. In principle, students have priority when allocating places. Tip: So inform yourself about the offer in good time so that you can get a place. If the enrollment period has expired, you can probably only start in the next semester.

If you are considering studying Swedish, you have to choose between face-to-face and distance learning. Distance learning offers numerous advantages. You are totally independent and can organize your time freely. You learn at your own pace and you have so much less stress than with face-to-face studies. You only need to be personally present at an examination center for a few exams.

Alternatively, you can also contact Adult education centers inquire about a suitable course. In smaller cities, Swedish courses are rather rare, but in larger cities there are usually all levels from beginner to advanced. The courses at the VHS usually take place in the evenings or on weekends. These courses are more expensive than at a university. Optionally, you can take an exam at the end of the course.

There are also academies that Private lessons offer, but that is usually very expensive. Depending on the level, the costs can increase. However, in this course, the teacher will respond individually to your knowledge and you may make faster progress.

Learn Swedish online

Learn Swedish online

Do you want to spend your time learning Swedish classify yourself, you can find out about offers online. Make sure that the exercises are sufficient Audio samples contain. It is particularly important to practice pronunciation and listening at the beginning. There is software that allows you to speak words. The program then evaluates your pronunciation afterwards.

There are many ways to learn Swedish on the Internet. Well-known publishers offer courses, also at different language levels. Each course costs differently. If you are advanced, you usually have to do more invest money as a beginner. If you decide to learn Swedish on your own, you need a lot of perseverance and self-discipline. Plan every dayfive to ten minutes to practice one if you want to be successful quickly.

Learn Swedish with one app

Learn Swedish with one app

If you want to learn flexibly and independently, there is also a learning app for your smartphone or tablet. Some apps are chargeable, but have test phases in which you can find out whether you like the method. You can practice with an app whenever you have the time and feel like it. So the next time you don't just stand around at the bus stop, you do something for your Swedish skills.

To expand your Swedish vocabulary, vocabulary trainer apps are a very good option. In small units, you can conveniently learn vocabulary in between and refresh your knowledge again and again. The best thing to do is to choose an app that is your pronunciation corrected on the basis of a recording of your voice. Then you can not only write properly in Swedish, but also speak it.

Another useful feature of many learning apps is that they can send you notificationremind you of your next practice session. You should definitely activate this function, otherwise you might forget to do your tasks next time. Click here for the test report of the language learning app Babbel.

Learn Swedish for free

There are also apps and websites that can be used to learn Swedish for free. Some paid programs offer free Trial versions that you can use for a limited time. If you speak English well, you can also look out for learning opportunities in English. The free offer is sometimes even bigger.

Numerous free websites have the Basic principles of Swedish grammar conveyed. There are conjugation exercises for learning the verbs and free online dictionaries. In social networks you have the opportunity to share your learning progress with like-minded people.

Are you already advanced, you should take some money in hand. The free offer is primarily limited to beginners without prior knowledge.

Learn Swedish in your spare time

Learn Swedish in your spare time

If you have to save money or if you just don't have time for a language course or a language trip, you can also creatively live out your desire to learn Swedish in your free time. Learning is most fun when you can with activities that you enjoy doing anyway. In the following we give you a few tips on how to do this:

Listen to Swedish audio books

If you have just started studying, you will probably find it difficult to understand an entire Swedish-language audiobook. But there is special audio bookswhich are specially produced for language beginners. You can choose the language level of the audio book individually and vary depending on how much you can.

Read Swedish books

There are many well-known books by Swedish authorsthat you can read to improve your language skills. Simplified versions of children's books, for example by Astrid Lindgren or Selma Langerlöf, are particularly suitable. There are also new readers. With these issues, you will understand a lot even if you only have a limited vocabulary.

It gets more difficult when you try to read a Swedish crime thriller. The best thing to do is to have a dictionary ready. If you have problems understanding, you can immediately look up the missing vocabulary.

Looking for a Tamdem partner

The fastest way to learn Swedish is to speak and use the language yourself. The tandem program offers a good opportunity to do this. But for the method to work, you need a fewBasic knowledgethe Swedish language.

The principle works like this: You get to know a Swedish native speaker through university placement agencies or social media portals, with whom you meet in your freetime meet regularly. It is best to determine what you are going to do together. Good options are forest bathing, drinking coffee and cake or bouldering. Either way, choose an activity that you both enjoy.

At your meetings, you will alternate between speaking in German and in Swedish. So you both learn new vocabulary again and again and support each other. error your tandem partner will improve immediately and let you know how to avoid them in the future.

Typical beginner mistakes when learning Swedish

Typical beginner mistakes when learning Swedish

If you are a native German speaker, it will not be difficult for you to learn Swedish. However, there are a few things you need to be aware of in order to be able to communicate successfully. Mistakes that lead to misunderstandings can happen quickly, especially at the beginning. Here are some things you should learn while doing Swedish avoid:

Fall for false friends

Since Swedish is so similar to German, there are many vocabulary that exist in the same or very similar way in both languages. This is helpful in most cases because you can memorize individual vocabulary so much faster. However, you have to be careful not to fall for false friends. These are words, in German and Swedish sound very similar, but mean something completely different. These include, for example:

Noon - middag (Meaning: dinner)
Oil - oil (Meaning: beer)

Don't ask

If you do not understand something in the language course or if a word that your tandem partner is using is completely foreign to you, you absolutely have to to ask. In the beginning it is completely normal that you do not yet know all the vocabulary and that you may not be able to find them in the dictionary. Therefore, under no circumstances should you be ashamed of asking too many questions. Especially at the beginning you learn step by step from your own mistakes. Your tandem partner is sure to be happy when they can help you.

Learn Swedish easily online with the Babbel language learning app

Our following methods and tips make learning the Swedish language easier, but it always remains a time-consuming challenge. Nowadays there are many ways to learn a new foreign language. In the past, adults mainly learned a new language at adult education centers or in stationary courses offered by private educational providers. Disadvantages: The learners have to adhere to a rigid course schedule and a fixed learning pace.

A contemporary possibility are (web) apps like those from market leaders Babbel. The Web browser and Smartphone apps, Interaction is very important and playful elements keep the motivation up. Babbel also offers the opportunity to exchange ideas with other learners - including one Matching option for language tandem partners on-line.

The language learning app can be Try it completely free of charge and without obligationThe first lessons are free of charge in every learning language. If you get a taste for it, the premium version can already be used for a fair 5.99 euros per month can be unlocked.

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