Are there modern romantic writers
Longing for feelings
The Enlightenment movement of the 17th and 18th centuries, with its far-reaching scientific research efforts, led to the fact that many natural phenomena had become normalities that could be explained physically. A change had begun in the society of those days too, because a new wind was blowing in the most important European ruling houses, Habsburg and Prussia.
The subjects were granted more rights and religious freedom led to a loss of power for the established church. Rational thinking and acting had come to the fore in politics, economics, science and art.
The emotional world of the people was, however, lagged behind. The French Revolution of 1789 and the ensuing occupation and oppression of large parts of Europe by Napoleon's troops did the rest to encourage a yearning for freedom of feeling.
A romantic wave hits the country
The literary romantic movement can be divided into different phases: the early (1795 to 1804), high (1805 to 1815) and late romantic (1816 to 1830) as well as the Biedermeier period (to 1848).
Unlike the Weimar Classic, which was founded by Goethe and Schiller, Romanticism had many centers - in Jena, Berlin, Heidelberg, Dresden, Vienna and Munich. In addition, it spread to many writers and became a real wave that also gripped the common people.
Romantic poetry has its origins in the years 1795/1796. Ludwig Tieck is one of their pioneers. His novels "The Story of Mr. William Lovell" and "Franz Sternbald's Walks" are considered to be the beginning of the early Romanticism, whose main authors include Novalis, Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder and E.T.A. Hoffmann belong.
In their lyrical stories, poems or the so-called art fairy tales, they rely on great emotions, fantastic scenes and descriptions that are close to nature. The concept of home, but also a longing for distant countries and cultures of the Orient, was the focus of her works. The emotional and emotional life of the characters who played the main roles in their plays were brought to the fore in the stories.
Escape from Reality
With his unfinished novel "Heinrich von Ofterdingen", which appeared posthumously in 1802, the writer Novalis set literary standards. His early death in 1801 made him a myth of the romantic movement. The "blue flower" appearing in the strongly autobiographical novel acquired symbolic character.
With their poetic contemplation of reality, which reached to transfiguration, the romantic poets hit the nerve of that time and became enormously popular and successful. It is no coincidence that terms such as folk song and folk poetry were coined, which testify to the great popularity and dissemination of the works.
The tendency towards the unreal and the magical, the return to the past, the resurgence of the Catholic faith and the Catholic Church, the overemphasis on spirit and soul in the romantic movement and the great acceptance of literature by the citizens of that time are considered an escape from the Reality and to be interpreted as a criticism of the existing political and social situation.
Feeling at home and romanticism on the Rhine
The cultural society in Romanticism was characterized by a lively exchange of ideas between the representatives of the individual art genres, who met in groups held together.
It is no coincidence that many of the well-known composers of the time, such as Robert and his wife Clara Schumann, Franz Schubert or Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, set the poetry of their fellow poets to music.
The ladies of that time also took an active part in this romantic cooperation. They became important initiators of salon culture. Their salons also became meeting places for artists.
The Loreley poem, written by Heinrich Heine in 1824 and composed by Friedrich Silcher, became one of the most famous and popular songs of the Romantic era. It became the literary climax of the glorification of the Rhine and Rhine romanticism, which the writer Clemens Brentano had founded a few years earlier. This river has been stylized as the epitome of German national identity.
It was also Brentano who in 1805 brought out a collection of folk songs called "Des Knaben Wunderhorn", which was also very much influenced by nature and the idea of home, and which became extremely popular. The publication did not happen unintentionally in the year in which Napoleon achieved final supremacy in Europe through his victory at Austerlitz and thus sealed the end of the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation". A trauma that found its expression in romantic literature.
Romance as an attitude to life
The romantics followed a high standard. They wanted to convey a new attitude towards life in which art and the world of emotions should play an important role. Their goal was to establish a new way of thinking.
"The world has to be romanticized. This is how you can find the original meaning again," was a saying by the poet Novalis. The rest of Europe was also affected by this wave, which literary scholars regard as a cultural revolution.
Influenced by German Romanticism, a similar literary movement soon arose abroad. In France, among others by Victor Hugo, in England, among other things by Lord Byron, but also in Eastern Europe, here founded by Alexander Pushkin among others, the romantic wave prevailed.
The tendency towards the fantastic and the unreal increased in the individual phases of romantic literature. At its height, the late Romanticism used the bizarre, grotesque and demonic as stylistic devices. The horror and detective novels in the style of the American writer Edgar Allen Poe were also extremely popular. German literary romanticism came to an end in the revolutionary year of 1848. However, its influence can also be found in some works of modernism, for example by Thomas Mann.
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