Who are the breakers

Why are the Psalms divided into five books?

The structure of the psalms

God commanded Ezra, the scholar and priest, “Gather and compile the Psalms of the Spirit.” The scrolls were edited when God took the Israelites out of Babylon, the house of captivity, as God had promised Abraham and David.

There are many authors of the Psalms, including David, Solomon, Moses, and Asaph. The psalms come in different styles from different eras, situations and contexts. It is recorded that Solomon wrote up to 1005 songs (1 kg 4:32).

Ezra collected the psalms and did not arrange them in chronological order or occasion. Nor did he arrange them by author. Nor did he sort by genre like psalms of praise, psalms of wisdom, or psalms of lamentation.

Instead, he decided to organize the Psalms in books that represent the covenant God made to the people and books that responded to God with the people's thanks and praise, an expression of the love of the covenant between God and his people .

The editor chose the topic "The Lord is the Rock" from Deut. 32, The Song of Moses, in the first book of the covenants God gave to the people. The Lord of the Covenant is the King of the Rock. In the last words of Moses in the following chapter (Deuteronomy 33) it is sung for the first time: "Blessed are those who ..." He chose a psalm that reminds us of Moses' disciple Joshua as Psalm 1. The song "Lord is the Rock" is also reproduced in the Song of David (2 Samuel 22). He puts it in the Psalter as Psalm 18.

Then the Lord leads his own sheep as king and saint and makes them his own people. He leads people to the promised land. The editor will arrange this psalm as Psalm 90, Moses' song "Lord, you were our abode ..." in response to the people's praise to God.

Time passed, then it was the era of the King of David. The Lord answered David's prayers and promised him that David's son would sit on the throne. And the king promises to build a house and establish a kingdom. As promised, Solomon sits on the throne of his father David. Hee is building the temple of God. Psalm 72 comes at the end of Book 2 singing that Solomon will come to the throne. At the end of Book 3, Psalm 89 shows an established covenant with the Kingdom of David.

These sections can be labeled "The Lord is a stone" for Book 1, "The Son will be a King" for Book 2, "House of God" for Book 3 and "God dwells among his people" for Book 4.

This time, remembering the fact that God brought us out of the land of Babylon when He swore to Abraham and David, the people will respond to the blessings that God kept the covenant.

When David commanded the Levites in the tent: "O thank the Lord, for he is good, for his mercy endures forever. Hallelujah!" As indicated by this refrain of praise, Book 5 is divided into four subsections: Ps.107- 108 / Ps.119 / Ps.120-134 / Ps.135-150.

The second subsection of "for he is good" is Psalm 119, a song about the word of God. And in the third subsection, the Psalms, known as the Psalms of the Ascents (Ps.120-Ps.134), give thanks for the guidance and chant "for his mercy endures forever".

Book 5 is also in tune with the flow of feasts, memorials, when people go to Jerusalem and give thanks and praise. The first subsection corresponds to the January Passover. The second subsection corresponds to the seven weeks of March. The third subsection with the 40 years in the wild (4 months). The fourth subsection with the Feast of Tabernacles in July.

People are brought out on the Passover, and the words are given as treasures on Mount Sinai (Psalm 119). And the people will be led into the city of Jerusalem (ascent). Finally they enter the new city and enjoy the new creation (tabernacle).

Book 1 through Book 4 represent the love of God. 1. The Lord is a rock, 2. The Son becomes King, 3. House of God, 4. God dwells among his people. Book 5 is the people's answer to God. "O thank the Lord for he is good, for his mercy endures forever. Hallelujah!"

Just as the book of Psalms has its own order, each of the five books contains its own covenant substructures.