In what order should you learn German?

Grammar for DaF and DaZ

The German language grammar is in lessons for German as a foreign language (and for German as a second language) of course the same as in mother tongue lessons. However, other and different requirements for the learner must be taken into account.

A contrastive presentation and communication of grammatical structures is often recommended, so that different priorities are set depending on the learner's source language and different explanatory and communication strategies are recommended.

What is common in GFL lessons is that no knowledge of grammatical structures or of the associated traditional terminology can be assumed or need to be. It follows from this that it sometimes makes more sense to present the structure of the German language from a different perspective than in native-speaking German lessons. This is especially true for the order of gender and case of nouns and pronouns.

Differences between German as a mother tongue and German as a foreign language

German as first language German as a foreign language
sequencecriteriasequencecriteria
Article (gender)
natural genders before neuter Correspondences between forms in masculine (sg.) And neuter (sg.) On the one hand and feminine (sg.) And plural on the other
case
Nominative
Genitive
dative
accusative
tradition
(Model: Latin)
Nominative
accusative
dative
Genitive
frequency
of the case

Grammatical correctness

See also