Who was the first behaviorist

Introduction: behaviorism

 

Quotes on behaviorism:

"The task of psychology is therefore to uncover connections that exist between registerable stimuli, i.e. environmental conditions, and observable behavior of the organism." Rent (1998 a, 19).

"The strict behaviorist imagines humans as a passive being whose behavior is exclusively under the control of the environment." Rent (1998 b, 33).

"Just as paper has to passively" endure "that it is described, the behaviorist also sees in an adolescent person a reactive, passive being. Educators and teachers can strengthen desired behavior and weaken undesirable behavior by manipulating the consequences of behavior (reward and punishment) . " Rent (1998 a, 20).

"The primary goal of behaviorist analysis is to understand how certain stimuli (stimuli) in the environment" cause "certain reactions." Zimbardo (1992, 7).

"According to the behaviorists, all behavior, including complex behavior, can be broken down into stimulus-response units." Lück & Miller (1999, 113)

"The behaviorists of then and now were and are unanimous in the conviction that a scientific psychology must be founded on what is clearly observable." Hilgard & Bower (1973, 93)

"The ultimate goal of behaviorist psychology is to derive laws that explain the relationships between the various conditions (stimuli) that precede behavior, behavior (reactions), and consequences (reward, punishment, or neutral effects)." Lefrancois (1994, 17)

"[...] The behaviorists claimed that the symptoms of a mental disorder are learned behaviors that are acquired through the same conditioning processes as normal behavior (Wolpe 1990; Reyna 1989)." Comer (1995, 162)

"For the behaviorist, that is behavior, consciousness is not the central research subject of scientific psychology. "Asanger & Wenninger (1999, 73)