How can I feed my dog ​​salad?

20% of a meal should consist of fruits, vegetables and salad. But not every type of fruit is safe for dogs. © Elena Itsenko -

Vegetables, fruits and salads for dogs

On this page I have listed some types of fruit, salad and vegetables that you can feed your dog without hesitation. All plant-based feed ingredients must be pureed. The dog does not have an enzyme that can destroy the cell wall of the plants. That is why he can only get the valuable vitamins and minerals if we mechanically destroy the cell walls beforehand.


  • Apple: pectin, vitamin C, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, sodium and fructose
  • Pineapple: Potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, copper, manganese, zinc, iodine and vitamin C, stimulates protein breakdown and fat burning, do not feed too often and only overripe due to the high acid content
  • Apricot: Vitamins, minerals and trace elements, especially potassium and iron, niacin, pantothene and folic acid, beta-carotene, lycopene, have a blood-forming and appetite-stimulating effect


  • Banana: 10 different vitamins, especially B 6, potassium, magnesium, zinc, calcium, plus panothenic acid, folic acid, fructose, the "happiness hormone" serotonin and the "sleeping pill" tryphophan, very starchy and filling, often help with diarrhea
  • Pear: carotene, vitamin C, 4 vitamins B, lots of potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, iron, iodine, do not feed too often and only over ripe because of the high acid content
  • Cauliflower: Vitamin C, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and folic acid, only feed steamed, otherwise it will cause flatulence
  • Broccoli: Flavones, sulforaphane, lots of carotene, calcium, vitamin C, vitamins of the B group, potassium, sodium, iron and selenium, only feed steamed, otherwise broccoli will cause flatulence


  • Chicory: Vitamin C, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, tastes bitter, which is why many dogs do not eat it
  • Chinese cabbage: protein, carbohydrates, amino acids, mustard oil, minerals and plenty of provitamin A and vitamin C.


  • Strawberry: Vitamin B, Sodium, Vitamin C, Pectin, Flavones, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus Iron, Sodium, Flavones, good for concentration and coat


    • Fig: Very rich in vitamins (eleven pieces), the fig is also free from chemicals because the plant dies very quickly if it is treated with such. Caution: has a laxative effect.
    • Fennel: iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium, beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E and folic acid, but many dogs do not like the oils it contains.


  • Kale: many vitamins (higher vitamin A content than carrots), minerals, calcium, all B vitamins (except B12), a lot of vitamin C, biotin. Caution: has a flatulence effect, so only feed small doses


  • Bilberry: vitamin C, carotene, myrtillin (blue pigment), iron, potassium, sodium, tannins and vitamins of the B group, anthocyanins. Always feed overripe. Caution: fatal to cats

I / J

  • Ginger: iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium. Phosphorus, including vitamins B3 and B6, choline, inositol, proteolytic enzymes, essential oils, including gingerols, good for gastrointestinal problems. Most dogs, however, refuse to use ginger.
  • Currants: Vitamin C, B group vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, many other minerals. Caution: fatal to cats


  • Carrot: fiber, minerals (especially selenium), fat-soluble beta-carotene (precursor of retinol / vitamin A)
  • Potato: carbohydrates (starch), protein, fiber, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, numerous vitamins (A, B, C), very rich in energy. Caution: cut away green spots and germs, these contain solanine and are toxic. Feed only cooked
  • Cherry: Flavones, high concentration of potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, silica, vitamin C, carotene and vitamins of the B group, good for building bones and teeth in young dogs. Caution: kernels contain hydrocyanic acid (deadly!), So either make sure that the dog does not bite the kernels or remove the kernels.
  • Celeriac: essential oils, iron, calcium, provitamin A, vitamins E, B1, B2, B12 and C, has a diuretic, general strengthening, blood-purifying, cough-relieving, dehydrating effect. Most dogs don't like celery
  • Kohlrabi: many minerals and vitamins (especially vitamin C), leaves are 3 times as healthy as the fruit!
  • Herbs: Omega-3 fatty acids and phytochemicals. These herbs may be fed: basil, nettle, dill, tarragon, chervil, lovage, parsley, peppermint, rosemary, sage, yarrow, sorrel.


  • Dandelion leaves: very rich in vitamins (especially vitamin C), flavonoids, potassium, cleans the blood, stimulates the appetite, strengthens and is slightly diuretic. It is best to feed freshly picked very young leaves


  • Mandarin: provitamin A, vitamin C, minerals, fructose, very acidic, therefore only feed in small amounts
  • (sweet) almonds: almond oil, traces of sugar, vitamins B and E, calcium, magnesium, potassium, folic acid. Caution: bitter almonds are highly poisonous and can hardly be distinguished from sweet almonds from the outside. Usually the bitter taste prevents them from being eaten, but for me personally it's too dangerous
  • Melon: 90% water, hardly any calories, watermelons do not contain many vitamins. but sugar melons are very high in vitamin C, beta-carotene, calcium and potassium. Only feed when they are very ripe, otherwise diarrhea will occur


  • Orange: Vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, beta-carotene, has a blood-purifying and antihypertensive effect, strengthens the immune system, very high acid content, therefore feed only in small quantities and overripe


  • Peach: Vitamins A, B and C, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, zinc, beta-carotene, flavones, has a dehydrating effect, cleanses blood and kidneys, stimulates digestion, regulates metabolism, good for coat and eyes, only overripe feed
  • Plum: Carotene, B1, B2, iron, copper, zinc, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, calcium, has a digestive effect, detoxifies, stimulates salivation, circulation and gastric juice production, feed peeled because the peel can cause fermentation. Caution: deadly for cats!
  • Lingonberry: Potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin C, has a slight antibacterial effect, good for the urinary tract, only give in small quantities, otherwise it promotes diarrhea. Caution: deadly for cats!


  • Beetroot: many vitamins and minerals (especially potassium), very high folic acid content (200g beetroot already covers half the daily requirement), saponins, flavonoids, stimulates the appetite and aids digestion


  • Salad: protein, vitamin C, folic acid, carotene, calcium, potassium, copper, iodine, traces of zinc, manganese, selenium
  • Asparagus (green / white): minerals, vitamin C, carotenoids, B vitamins, has a diuretic effect
  • Spinach: Remove protein, 10 vitamins, 13 minerals, enzymes, alpha and beta carotene, secretin, bitter substances, iron, stems and leaf veins. These contain nitrate, which is converted into nitrite, which is harmful to health, in the dog's body.


  • Zucchini: vitamins, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, very high digestibility

Would you like to find out more about the right ingredients in your dog's barf plan? Then read these posts too:

To the barf menu
What is not allowed in the dog bowl