Played Rahul Dravid for Scotland

In sport there is one cap a metaphorical term for that Occur of a player in an international match. The term comes from practice in the United Kingdom from an awarding cap for each player in an international match of club football. In the early days of football, the concept of each team wearing a pair of matching jerseys was not widely accepted, so wearing a certain type of hat would make each side different from the other.

Various international honor caps

An early illustration of the first international football match between Scotland and England in 1872 shows the Scottish players wearing hoods and the English wearing different school caps. The practice was first approved for club football on May 10, 1886, following a suggestion by N. Lane Jackson, founder of the Corinthians:

That all players participating in future international matches for England will receive a white silk cap with a red rose on the front. These are called Internationally called Caps . [1]

The award of a cap is now international and is applied to other sports. Although physical limits may not always be given in some sports (whether at all or for each performance), the term "cap" has been retained for an international or other performance as an indicator of the number of times an athlete has represented a team in a particular sport. Thus, a "cap" is given for each game played, and so a player who x Played games for the team, x- times cut have been or x Caps have won.

The practice of awarding a physical cap varies from sport to sport. It can be given before a player's debut, or especially for national teams, a commemorative cap can be given after a player has reached the 100th cap. [2] [3]

Football association

Men's association football teams are still handing out physical caps. Players receive a cap for every game they play. When they are not participating in a World Cup or European Championship tournament, they are given a single cap for the competition, with the names of all of their opponents sewn into the fabric of the cap itself. For example, when David Beckham appeared for England for the hundredth time because some of his appearances had taken place in World Cup and European Championship tournaments for which he could only receive one international, he only received his 85th physical international. [4] For years, the practice in Scotland has been to present caps only for UK home championship appearances, meaning several players have never received one (including those on their squad for the 1958 FIFA World Cup). This anomaly was resolved retrospectively in the 2000s following pressure from gamer families. [5] [6] [7]

FIFA recognizes certain international matches as those for which a player can receive a cap. These games are considered to be international A games. These are games in which both nations use their first representative team. [8]


The world record holder for the highest number of international caps as of November 5, 2010 is retired American player Kristine Lilly, who has 354 caps. In men's association football, the record belongs to former player Ahmed Hassan from Egypt; On March 27, 2012, he surpassed Claudio Suárez with his 178th international match. The first footballer to win 100 caps was Billy Wright of England's Wolverhampton Wanderers. Wright appeared 105 times for England, 90 of which he was captain.

bold identifies players who are currently active in international football.


As in club football, cricket still has a physical limit. Caps are issued on both an international and a national level. However, the criteria for winning a cap differ between international and national cricket.

In international cricket, a player is given an upper limit for each appearance. It is common for a player to be presented with their cap in a ceremony on the first morning of their first friendly match, although a physical cap may not be presented for every occasion a player represents his country. The international matches are numbered according to the number of players who have previously represented the country. For example, the fiftieth player who represents the country will be awarded the number 50 cap. [1]

Caps are also given out at some national cricket competitions. However, they are not automatically awarded for every appearance, but are at the discretion of the administrators of the club the recipient is playing for and are a one-time recognition that the recipient is now a regular, established player of the club. The most common example of this system is English county cricket, in which many first class counties give players a county cap.

By April 2021, 70 players had won 100 or more international matches in Test Cricket.


Players who are still active at the test level are bold .

Rugby union

In rugby union, 64 players made 100 international matches on October 27, 2019. Players from England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland can join the UK and Irish Lions touring squads. Lions games are classified as full international tests and caps are awarded. The Pacific Islanders team, made up of players from Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Niue and the Cook Islands, has reached a similar agreement, although none of the players involved have made 100 caps to date (Fijian Nicky Little is closest with 71 caps).

Players who are still active at the test level are bold .

As of June 8, 2020 [12]

Rugby league

The International Rugby League honors players who have played 50 international matches in their careers with a special golden cap. [13] The record for most international matches is held by former Australian kangaroo player and captain Darren Lockyer with 59 games.

Players who are still active at the test level are bold .

As of June 8, 2020