What are some breathing disorders

Breathing disorders and sleeping problems


"When the air is scarce or sleep is disturbed" - that was the topic of the lecture series "Medical Sunday" at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg on January 20. Experts in sleep medicine provided comprehensive information on breathing disorders, respiratory diseases and sleep problems .

For the 63rd time, "Medical Sunday" took place on January 20, 2008 - a series of events organized by the Medical Faculty of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg in cooperation with the newspaper Volksstimme and the adult education association Urania - this time the theme was : “When you run out of air or sleep is disturbed” in focus. Privatdozent Dr. Jens Schreiber, chief physician in the PneumologyPneumology department
Respiratory and pulmonary medicine (pulmonology) is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the prevention, detection and specialist treatment of diseases of the lungs, bronchi, mediastinum (middle skin) and pleura (pleura and lung).
of the University Hospital Magdeburg, and the resident specialist, Dr. Karsten Thomas Schulz, who are both experts as internists, pulmonologists, allergists and sleep specialists, provided those affected and interested laypeople with comprehensive information on the causes and current treatment options for respiratory disorders, respiratory diseases and sleep problems.

Schreiber provided an overview of the most common lung diseases that can lead to breathing difficulties. The sad leader is respiratory diseases caused by smoking (COPD and lung cancer)
This is the space in the rib cage between the two lungs, in which the thoracic viscera are housed - i.e. the heart, associated nerves, vessels and lymph nodes. The pleuras (pleura and pleura), which line the two pleural cavities with the lungs, form a partition between the mediastinum and the lungs. To the front and back, this space is bounded by the breastbone and thoracic spine, from above and below it extends from about the level of the collarbone down to the diaphragm.
). In men, bronchial carcinoma is the main cause of death among tumor diseases. In women, it now ranks second (after breast cancer).

Difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep are among the most common sleep disorders, from which everyone has certainly suffered - albeit to different degrees. Those who do not have a restful night's sleep are usually exhausted during the day, easily irritable and have a high risk of illness in the long term - especially for high blood pressure
According to the High Pressure League, the ideal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. High blood pressure is a pathological increase in blood pressure in the arteries to a systolic value of over 140 mmHg and a diastolic value of over 90 mmHg. High blood pressure is an important risk factor for vascular disease, kidney failure and heart failure.
, Heart attack and stroke
Strokes occur more frequently during the low blood pressure around 3 o'clock in the morning (midnight stroke) or during the second low blood pressure in the afternoon. The symptoms of the disease usually set in suddenly and depend on the location of the infarction. The first signs can be severe headaches, pronounced clouding of consciousness or even loss of consciousness. A one-sided paralysis usually develops in the arm and face area. At first the paralyzed side is slack (in the face e.g. as a drooping corner of the mouth and swelling of the cheek on the paralyzed side when exhaling = "tobacco bubbles"), later uncontrolled twitching can occur. A cerebral circulation disorder is either the result of a thrombotic or embolic vascular occlusion (ischemic cerebral infarction) or a spontaneous rupture of the blood vessels with subsequent bleeding (hemorrhagic cerebral infarction).
Ischemic Stroke: Cerebral infarction, which is caused by blood congestion due to blocked vessels and therefore leads to an insufficient supply of the brain cells with oxygen. An ischemic cerebral infarction due to insufficient blood flow in an end artery area with sudden vascular occlusion of the artery is the most common cause of a stroke with 80-85%.
Hemorrhagic stroke: Calcified blood vessels in the brain break open, causing bleeding in the brain. The blood supply and thus oxygen supply to the affected brain cells is interrupted or cut off and they die.
. Restful sleep means that all natural phases of sleep are experienced in the right way, explained Schulz and informed the audience about the importance of the individual sleep phases and the medical classification of sleep disorders.

Breathing disorders during sleep are one of the most common causes of accidents on the road and at work. The medical term is sleep apnea syndrome. Apnea means stopping breathing for a few seconds. About 20 percent of men over 40 years of age and 60 percent of men over 65 years of age are said to suffer from this syndrome. Often wives notice the pauses in breathing when their husbands suddenly stop snoring while sleeping and after a few seconds start again just as abruptly with a particularly deep breath. Although no one would suffocate from the temporary pauses in breathing during the night, the temporary lack of air means enormous stress for the body, emphasized Schulz. The nightly respiratory arrest is triggered by a relaxation of the throat muscles - usually aided by obesity and excessive alcohol consumption. The pauses in breathing reduce the oxygen content in the blood until it falls below a critical value. Then the brain triggers a wake-up response
The arousal reaction is a brief awakening from sleep caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain.
off and the sleeper takes a deep breath with a loud snore. After he falls asleep again, the whole thing starts all over again. Sleeping pills are generally not recommended in such a case, advises the sleep doctor. It is more important to limit risk factors such as obesity, alcohol consumption and compliance with regular sleep and wake times. If this does not lead to any improvement, there is also a treatment with a CPAP mask
A nasal or mouth-nose mask is used to continuously supply the patient with room air with a slight excess pressure while they sleep. This causes splinting of the upper respiratory tract - that is, the upper respiratory tract, which tends to collapse, is "pressure splinted" from the inside and thus always remains open when inhaling and exhaling supports normal breathing and enables normal sleep again.
to recommend.