Stickiness is technically friction

Fluorination improves the surface properties of plastics


1 Fluorination improves surface properties of plastics Long-term stability with unchanged dimensions Contract work for your success Increase wettability Reduce friction and stickiness Improve adhesive and paint adhesion Reduce permeation, diffusion and migration

2 Important selection criteria for plastics are mechanical and thermal properties, processability and price. If a suitable material is found, the surface often does not meet the requirements. The surface is the only material property that can be changed independently. Gas phase fluorination is often the right solution. The chemical reaction F 2 une non-polar polymer chain e polar polymer chain During fluorination, the surface of the plastic parts is exposed to a fluorine mixture. Due to its high reactivity, fluorine partially replaces hydrogen atoms on the material surface. The changed surface properties result primarily from the increased surface energy and the polarity of the surface. Through targeted process control, the fluorination result can be optimally matched to the starting polymer and the desired application. Fluorination is a chemical reaction and not a coating. The depth of penetration of the fluorine atoms into the substrate is in the molecular range. The properties of the base material and its dimensions remain completely unchanged. The treatment process All relevant treatment parameters are matched to the product and treatment goal in a test phase. These values ​​then form the recipe for series production. The following relevant process parameters are controlled automatically and reproducibly: Fluorine concentration Treatment time Process temperature F HF Batch fluorination offline Fluorine component Three-dimensional molded parts are treated in a discontinuous process. They are pretreated in the vacuum chamber according to the recipe that has been developed. Small parts of a few mm in size are treated as bulk goods in a cylindrical chamber. In a cubic chamber, larger or mechanically sensitive parts are placed in baskets, lattice boxes or special load carriers. You can fill almost the entire chamber. Many industries Residual gases Component with activated surface The components and materials are given important new properties on their surface, often cheaper solutions are now possible without having to look for other materials or processing methods at great expense. Fluorination is successfully used in many industries: Automotive building materials, lighting, print products, electrical engineering, filtration, aerospace, medical technology, technical building equipment, technical textiles, tunneling, packaging, white goods, electrical appliances, fluorination at room temperature. The treatment takes place at uniform, low temperatures, usually around room temperature. There are no local temperature peaks. Inline fluorination of webs In the inline process, web material is continuous. The flow rate and fluorine gas concentration determine the treatment result. The system is set up for the treatment of sheet goods up to b = 2100 mm of different thicknesses and materials from roll to roll. We treat: filter media foils fabric foams technical textiles fleece long-term stability surface energy [mn / m] fluorine web PP total energy 30 untreated direct 1 month 3 months 6 months Source: Innovent e.v. Storage time The binding energy of the newly formed carbon-fluorine compound on the surface is extremely high. Therefore fluorination is an irreversible process. The surface properties achieved are therefore stable over the long term. Complex geometries Residual gas web with activated surface Gas phase fluorination leads to absolutely uniform treatment results. Cavities, undercuts, depressions and circumferences, but also structured and rough surfaces are recorded homogeneously and without shadows. This leads to a consistently high quality of treatment right down to the furthest corner of the component.

3 Better properties in practice Many surface properties are improved by the fluorination process. It changes the very top layer of the material in a very effective way without affecting the properties of the underlying material. This targeted action cannot be achieved with other methods. Fluorination is possible with all plastics: ABS, EPDM, plastics made from renewable raw materials, NBR, HNBR, PC, PEEK, PMMA, polyamide, polyester, polymers containing glass fibers, mixed polymers, polypropylene, silicone, TPE etc. increase wettability increase friction and reduce stickiness Adhesive and paint adhesion improve permeation, diffusion and migration reduce wetting fluorination For more uniform liquid films, fluorination hydrophilizes and increases the coating quality through better wetting, film formation and adhesion. This can lead to significant savings when painting, printing and decorating. A better water film also leads to more even drying, a higher print quality and less limescale and mold formation. Gliding fluorination Reduce friction and stickiness In the case of components made of elastomers, e.g. NBR, HNBR, EPDM or other rubber types and silicones, sliding friction is minimized and adhesion is reduced. The use of talc, silicone oils or other additives is no longer necessary. These properties also remain stable over the long term when cleaning and sterilizing. The parts stay clean as dirt particles do not adhere. Adhesion fluorination Improving adhesion Adhesion to plastics can be improved by fluorination. The polarity of the surface is increased, resulting in higher adhesion and better wettability. Laminations become more durable, flocking less sensitive, and adhesives adhere better. Barrier fluorination Reduce permeation, diffusion and migration This type of fluorination has a barrier effect against non-polar substances. This minimizes permeation, diffusion and migration of short-chain liquids (solvents, gasoline, cooling liquids, glycerine, etc.). Components of plastic material no longer diffuse from the surface and components of the container filling no longer penetrate its walls.

4 application examples not filter material now hydrophilic capillary effect of filter material faster drying household appliances dripping behavior of PS tubes not good adhesion of the print grid-cut test for paint adhesion on substrate flawless paint layer at critical points adhesion of flock material on substrate

5 Tasks Wetting-fluorination Liquid films Uniform process background The wettability of plastics with a liquid depends on the pairing of polarities: If the polarities are unequal, the liquid contracts to form drops on the surface. In contrast, fluorination produces polar plastics with a higher surface energy, which is thus adapted to the surface energy of the liquid. These surfaces can be easily wetted with polar liquids. Use The larger and more uniform surface of the liquid on a component has the following advantages: Flawless liquid films More uniform coating Better printability Faster drying Better drainage of liquids No mold formation Better lubricating effect of the liquid Plastic surfaces are much easier to wet after fluorination. Better liquid films More uniform layers Better drying Even draining of the liquid Surface energies untreated (mn / m) (mn / m) Polyethylene Low Density LDPE Polyethylene PE-UHMW Polypropylene PP Polyoxymethylene POM Polyethylene terephthalate PET Ethylene-propylene-diene-copolymer EPDM Polybutylene-sulfate-phthalate PCPPST-PBT Polysiloxane elastomer SI Source: Fluor Technik System GmbH Adhesion fluorination Improve adhesive and lacquer adhesion Process background Fluorination increases the roughness of the surface. This increases the contact area and results in better adhesion. This adhesion fluorination is used when it comes to an intensive and uniform layer bond: The increase in surface energy also leads to better wettability and film formation as well as better bonding of paints and adhesives. Even with complex geometries with undercuts, depressions and encircling, fluorination leads to an absolutely uniform pretreatment result. Use When painting, flocking and decorating When manufacturing composite plastics When gluing plastics to other materials With synthetic and natural fiber webs For pretreatment of reinforcing fibers for compounds When gluing and painting, three physical effects have a significant influence on the connection to the component. They are positively influenced by the fluorination: wetting film formation adhesion cost savings through adhesion fluorination saving of the primer use of environmentally friendly hydro paints use of cheaper paint / adhesive systems saving of paint layers good film formation fluorination increase of the surface energy better wetting (hydrophilic properties) stronger bonding optimal paints durable Not gluing

6 Tasks Glide fluorination Reduce the coefficient of friction, reduce stickiness, do not prevent buildup Many components made of silicone and elastomers, e.g. NBR, HNBR, EPDM and other types of rubber have a dull surface. These often sticky surfaces have a hard time gliding on other surfaces. The consequences: difficult assembly and undesirable side effects during use; Additives, talc and silicone oil are used. Fluorination significantly reduces contamination by additives and other disadvantages and is long-term stable even after cleaning and sterilization. Due to the reduced stickiness, less dirt sticks, where the parts are optically enhanced. Frictional forces on glass 1121 and silicone rubber Recipe 1 1121 Recipe 7 1121 LSR2650B 15.6 3.9 1.0 LSR2630B 10.1 6.3 0.7 FSL7651A 9.2 5.6 0.8 FVMQ Silplus60Ex 9.2 2 0 , 8 NBR 9.2 5.5 PPE 8.5 4.2 EPDM 10.5 4.6 Source: Innovent ev Process background Through intensive fluorination of components, fluorine atoms are embedded in the surface. They significantly reduce static and sliding friction as well as stickiness. The simultaneous increase in surface roughness intensifies this effect, while rubber properties remain unaffected. Use To minimize the coefficient of friction and dirt adhesion In the case of creaking and crackling noises due to high static friction between rubber and friction partners In the case of stick / slip effect in sliding movements In assembly difficulties With visually enhancing parts, decorative items In the case of stickiness: Release agent is unnecessary, parts are better to separate, static loaded components loosen again. Force 1121 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 path Source: Innovent e.v. Barrier fluorination does not reduce permeation, diffusion and migration Plastics are naturally permeable to certain gases and liquids. This is why the contents of a plastic container will evaporate over time. This permeation leads to odor nuisance and environmental pollution, to weight loss and changes in the properties of the contents, as well as label detachment. Migration of material components of plastic products changes the properties up to component failure. Fluorination avoids these disadvantages and cheaper packaging material can often be used. Loss of mass [g] and AGV storage time [h] Source: Innovent e.v. Process background The surface has a barrier effect against non-polar substances. This modification on the inside and outside of containers reduces the permeation of short-chain solvents, cooling liquids, glycerine and gasoline. The diffusion of material components through and out of the surface is significantly reduced. Use To minimize the permeation of gasoline and diesel from fuel tanks for motor vehicles and motor equipment To limit the migration of plasticizers and other additives (embrittlement of plastic) To improve resistance to acids and alkalis and to avoid swelling and greasy surfaces

7 application examples O-rings cannot be separated and assembled without any problems Rubber tape does not stick - without talc and silicone oil Non-sticky sealing profile No contamination behavior of silicone Chemical containers without diffusion of the filling Label adhesion with / without diffusion of the filling Containers without diffusion of the filling Diffusion of ingredients

8 FTS range of services for surface finishing FTS is the fluorination specialist with around 25 years of practical experience. The basis for a high level of competence is formed by the qualified employees and the plant park, which the company's own plant engineering department keeps at the forefront of technology. Our regular participation in research projects keeps us up to date with the latest technology and shows our position at the forefront of development. Process development FTS changes the properties of plastic surfaces in such a way that the desired functions are optimally fulfilled: adhesion, sliding, wetting and barrier formation are optimized. Nevertheless, the dimensions and physical properties of the component remain unchanged. FTS shows the possibilities and limits of the fluorination process. Tests and pilot series Each new treatment is checked in a series of tests and adjusted to the product before the optimal treatment parameters are determined and saved as a recipe. Our customers are happy to take part in the tests and check the new effect of the component in the planned use. The parameters used are repeatable and are used in series production. Series production FTS is set up for the fluorination of small and medium-sized series, including a large variety of parts. Bulk goods from 1 mm in size, components in racks and load carriers in sizes up to 1800 mm as well as web goods up to a width of 2100 mm. Service Fast and uncomplicated communication ensures satisfied customers from many industries. FTS offers all the services you need: Analytical tests Individual customer packaging Storage of preliminary and finished products Just-in-time delivery on demand Fast, uncomplicated processing Individual labeling and marking Quality management We are certified according to DIN EN ISO 9001: 2008 by TÜV CERT certification body of TÜV Hessen, certificate no. We work with defined parameter sets. These are determined with the customer, his product and his application during sampling and saved as a recipe in the PLC control. The process sequence during fluorination is fully automated. Target / actual deviations are recognized and reported. The process flow is fully documented. The surface tension is measured with test inks according to DIN ISO. Initial sample test reports and test certificates can be created on request. Barrier fluorination Glide fluorination Adhesion fluorination Wetting fluorination Increase wettability Reduce friction and stickiness Improve adhesive and paint adhesion Reduce permeation, diffusion and migration

9 Advantages of the gas phase fluorination process Long-term stability Depending on the material, the surface effects achieved are stable for several months. Uniform and independent of geometry Even deep grooves, undercuts or interiors with small openings are uniformly pretreated. All exposed surfaces have the same properties. Reproducible In the fully automated process flow, the influencing factors are easy to control and monitor; the result can be achieved exactly again at a later point in time. Thermally uncritical The treatment process takes place at low temperatures, which are uncritical for the plastic material. There are no temperature peaks. Antibacterial effect Fluorination has an antimicrobial effect for a limited time.

10 Fluor Technik System GmbH For more than 20 years, FTS has focused on the development and construction of fluorination systems and fluorination services. Realized projects, membership in relevant associations, cooperation with universities and research institutions as well as our own patents are proof of the competence of FTS. Member of the Flock Association of Europe FAoE e.v. Advice FTS provides advice on measures, possibilities and effects of gas-phase fluorination on plastics and other materials. For this purpose, FTS tests the treatment parameters in its own technical center and coordinates them with the customer. Development and engineering FTS develops and constructs systems that are tailored to individual needs. Extensive experience from plant construction and operation is incorporated here, from planning through construction and installation to commissioning. Plant construction FTS builds inline and offline plants for gas phase fluorination and adapts them to the requirements of the product and operation. Ancillary systems such as fluorine supply, calcium carbonate absorbers, occupational safety equipment are part of the system concept. Contact us. Service FTS offers service for the systems from staff training and routine maintenance to system expansion and conversion. We support the approval and certification of the systems. Contract work FTS refines the surfaces of delivered products for further processing and installation: bulk goods, products in load carriers, sheet goods Fluor Technik System GmbH Altebergstraße D Lauterbach / Hessen Tel.+49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Korflür Marburg DR xx