Is Gentoo more customizable than Slackware
There are MacOS or Windows and usually you can then use the system and that would have been it. Of course, Windows still distinguishes between Home, Professional or Server, but Windows remains Windows and MacOS is MacOS. With Linux, on the other hand, there are hundreds of different distributions and each of these distributions is also maximally adaptable. Especially if you want to start with Linux, this fact can really spoil your mood, but you have to put that into perspective, because somewhere all Linux distributions are based on one of these five really big distributions:
- Novell SuSe
- Red hat
“Building on it” means that, for example, Ubuntu has used Debian and many things that work with Debian also apply to Ubuntu. From Ubuntu, it's not far to Linux Mint. When it comes to Red Hat, Linux users often automatically think of CentOS or Fedora. There are graphics that break down in detail which distribution is based on which distribution and how far it is all branched out.
What is a distribution
"Linux" is the kernel. Linux is the pure, original operating system without additional programs. Linux itself controls the computer hardware. The distribution is the "Linux" plus application programs. The shell, for example, is to be considered directly as an application program.
How do I find "my" distribution
I'm not a fan of assigning certain linuxes to certain user groups. Ubuntu and Mint have done a lot in the area of "usability" in the past few years. The result is that every Linux distribution can now be installed more or less easily. Of course there are distributions like Arch or Gentoo whose installation is a long way from "stick in - boot - get started". However, these distributions are also aimed at people who want to know exactly how such an operating system works. In addition, the typical Gentoo or Arch user is not a PC novice.
Every distribution has its target group
Arch, Slackware or Gentoo are not aimed specifically at the normal end user, because the hurdles for installation are relatively high. If you want to get involved, you learn an incredible amount about your own operating system, partitioning and the GRUB loader are the smallest "news" that you learn there.
Ubuntu and especially Mint try to get users across with accessibility, simplicity and Windows comparability. Ultimately, however, the following principle applies: Linux is not Windows and Windows is not Linux
Which distribution is the right one for me?
With the distro chooser you can make a preselection. The tool has various Linux distributions in its pool and based on your answers to questions, the appropriate Linux distribution will be suggested to you.
If you don't want to use the Chooser, Librehunt can also help you. In addition to the advantages that Linux has over Mac or Windows, this page also contains a “quiz” to help you choose yours Distribution to be of service.
Suggestions on my part
I don't want to force a distribution on you. If you really want to use Linux and have no idea about the operating system at first, a beginner-friendly distribution like Ubuntu is best for you. Usually you can toast the ISO to a stick and boot from the stick. You don't even have to install Linux to use it. If you really want to give Linux a chance, you can use Linux parallel to your existing operating system. To do this, you simply create a partition and install Linux on this new partition.
I would describe myself as an advanced Linux user. I started with Ubuntu, then switched to Debian, then to Arch, then to Manjaro, and now back to Ubuntu. My reasons for Ubuntu are:
- Install, it runs without much further configuration
- Great support from third parties
- Relatively up-to-date software
- Big community
I am a software developer and blogger. Of course I enjoy my Linux to optimize through or try out new tools. However, in the first place the PC just has to be Do job and Ubuntu is almost perfect for that. Also, I just love the Gnome desktop.
Many people install “Kali” because they want to act like the big hackers. Kali is not aimed at beginners and, ultimately, Linux newbies are completely overwhelmed with this distribution. Just as a tip: you can also install the hackertoolz under the much simpler Ubuntu;)
There is not the perfect distribution, but there's always the distro that does its job for your requirements doing right. I would always recommend using a chooser and either starting Linux from the stick or using it in a VM. You can use both Virtual Box and VM-Player for your Linux tests.
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