Can i have both types of bipolar

Psychiatry, Psychosomatics & Psychotherapy

With bipolar illness, sufferers fluctuate between periods of mania in which they are overactive, euphoric, or irritable. In between there may be phases of less pronounced mania (hypomania) or depression. In addition to the depressive and manic poles, 20 to 60% of the sick also experience so-called mixed states, in which both symptoms of depression and mania occur. Bipolar diseases can have quite different forms and courses from individual to individual. That is why the clinical picture cannot always be clearly assigned and recognized.

Bipolar illnesses are particularly pronounced and severe when psychotic symptoms occur, i.e. the patient perceives himself and the environment in a distorted manner due to a disruption of the sense of reality. They are more common in mania than in depression. Over two-thirds of all patients with manias show individual psychotic symptoms, including boundless overestimation of themselves, paranoia, delusions and hallucinations.
The following table summarizes and compares possible symptoms of a manic and a depressive episode:

Symptoms of Bipolar Episodes

maniadepression

High mood or irritable mood


Melancholy, depressed mood

Emotional excitement with euphoria or irritability

Inhibited emotions, feeling numb, fears, pessimism

Acceleration of thinking, language, motor skills and action

Slowing down and inhibition of thinking, language, motor skills and action

increased risk behavior and need for contact, impulsiveness, reduction of social inhibitions, aggressiveness, carelessness

Withdrawal behavior

excessive enterprise

Loss of interest, joylessness and lack of motivation,

Drive increase, excess energy, need for employment

Lack of drive, reduced vitality, lack of energy, physical malaise, loss of libido

increased creativity

Lack of ideas, impaired concentration and attention

decreased need for sleep

Sleep disturbances or increased need for sleep, waking up early, feeling restless after sleeping at night, low in the morning

increased self-confidence and self-esteem


Self-doubt, feelings of guilt, feelings of insufficiency, discouragement, weariness with life, thoughts of suicide

In some patients, in their manic phase, instead of euphoria, irritability and mistrust can also be observed.

In hypomania, the symptoms appear - usually only for a few days - as in mania, although they are much less pronounced. The person concerned is still able to grasp the reality and his personal situation. Hypomania can appear as a brief and temporary increase in normal mood, but it can also be a harbinger of pronounced mania. As a rule, it is necessary to intervene therapeutically as quickly as possible, even in the case of hypomania, since it is often the beginning of a mania and mostly followed by depression after a mania.

In most cases, however, those affected do not come to the doctor during the manic phase. You don't feel sick. Pointing out to someone else's obviously troubled mood can lead to aggression and stubborn denial. Especially if someone has previously suffered from a depressive phase, the mania can understandably be perceived by him as a release.